• Amanda B. Nickerson
  • Melissa A. Reeves
  • Stephen E. Brock
  • Shane R. Jimerson
Part of the Developmental Psychopathology at School book series (DPS, volume 2)

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is the diagnostic classification applied to individuals who manifest anxiety-related symptoms following exposure to an extreme traumatic stressor (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). These stressors include violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, and accidents. Lifetime prevalence of PTSD estimated from community-based studies in the United States is 8% (APA, 2000). The lifetime prevalence of PTSD among children and adolescents is estimated to be 6–10% in the general population (Dyregrov & Yule, 2006) and as high as 30% among some urban populations (Buka, Stichick, Birdthistle, & Earls, 2001; Seedat, Nyamai, Njenga, Vythilingum, & Stein, 2004).

Although lifetime prevalence rates are important, it is perhaps more meaningful to examine prevalence rates among individuals who have been exposed to a traumatic event. The National Center for PTSD (Hamblen, 2007) reports that among children and adolescents who have...


School District Community Violence Special Education Service Individualize Education Program Somatization Disorder 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda B. Nickerson
    • 1
  • Melissa A. Reeves
    • 2
  • Stephen E. Brock
    • 3
  • Shane R. Jimerson
    • 4
  1. 1.University at Albany - State University of New YorkAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SCHunlersvilleUSA
  3. 3.University of CaliforniaSacramentoUSA
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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