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Introduction

  • Amanda B. Nickerson
  • Melissa A. Reeves
  • Stephen E. Brock
  • Shane R. Jimerson
Chapter
Part of the Developmental Psychopathology at School book series (DPS, volume 2)

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is the diagnostic classification applied to individuals who manifest anxiety-related symptoms following exposure to an extreme traumatic stressor (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). These stressors include violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, and accidents. Lifetime prevalence of PTSD estimated from community-based studies in the United States is 8% (APA, 2000). The lifetime prevalence of PTSD among children and adolescents is estimated to be 6–10% in the general population (Dyregrov & Yule, 2006) and as high as 30% among some urban populations (Buka, Stichick, Birdthistle, & Earls, 2001; Seedat, Nyamai, Njenga, Vythilingum, & Stein, 2004).

Although lifetime prevalence rates are important, it is perhaps more meaningful to examine prevalence rates among individuals who have been exposed to a traumatic event. The National Center for PTSD (Hamblen, 2007) reports that among children and adolescents who have...

Keywords

School District Community Violence Special Education Service Individualize Education Program Somatization Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda B. Nickerson
    • 1
  • Melissa A. Reeves
    • 2
  • Stephen E. Brock
    • 3
  • Shane R. Jimerson
    • 4
  1. 1.University at Albany - State University of New YorkAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SCHunlersvilleUSA
  3. 3.University of CaliforniaSacramentoUSA
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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