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New Findings in Primary Immunodeficiency

  • Andrew R. Gennery
  • Andrew J. Cant
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 634)

Introduction

Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are a group of genetically diverse diseases which affect distinct components of innate and acquired immunity, including the development and function of complement proteins, dendritic cells, granulocytes, natural killer cells, and T and B lymphocytes. The genetic basis of many of these diseases has now been established (Geha et al., 2007). Recently, a number of new single-gene defects have been discovered which confer vulnerability to multiple infections. Additionally, a whole range of disorders is being elucidated where gene defects cause pathogen-specific immunodeficiency, adding a new group of primary immunodeficiency disorders and broadening our concept of immune system failure (Fig. 1), bringing us closer to the notion that severe invasive infection with, for example, the ubiquitous organisms causing pneumococcal meningitis or herpes simplex encephalitis may not be caused by ‘bad luck’, but rather an inbuilt susceptibility to these...

Keywords

Primary Immunodeficiency Herpes Simplex Encephalitis Severe Combine Immunodeficiency Common Variable Immunodeficiency Ectodermal Dysplasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Newcastle General Hospital, Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne

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