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Recognition and Management of Encephalitis in Children

  • James D. Cherry
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 634)

Introduction

Encephalitis is a frightening disease for children and parents, and frequently results in long-term neurologic disability and death. There has always been much confusion relating to terminology. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain, and meningoencephalitis is inflammation of both the brain and meninges (Cherry, Shields, and Bronstein, in press). The term emcephalopathy refers to an illness with neurologic findings suggestive of encephalitis but without inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis is often classified as primary or postinfectious/parainfectious. In primary encephalitis the illness is due to the direct invasion and replication of an infectious agent within the brain, whereas postinfectious/parainfectious occurs after, or in combination with, another noncentral nervous system illness or following the administration of a vaccine or other product.

History

Rabies was recognized in ancient times in Europe and Asia. In AD 100, Celsus noted the relationship between...

Keywords

Prion Disease Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Japanese Encephalitis Virus Acute Disseminate Encephalomyelitis Central Nervous System Manifestation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA

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