Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy

  • Bennett P. deBoisblanc


Tracheostomy is an ancient surgical procedure that was first described in the Rig Veda over 3,000 years ago.1 Indications for tracheostomy remained unclear until the 1850s when it was advocated as a treatment for upper airway obstruction due to diphtheria.2 However, operative mortality remained high. In 1909, Chevalier Jackson, the father of modern tracheostomy, refined the open tracheostomy technique that is still used today. During the 1940s polio epidemics, the need for improved pulmonary hygiene resulted in a resurgence of tracheostomy.3 This period was followed by a third wave of interest in the 1960s following the birth of modern ICUs and the widespread adoption of positive pressure ventilation.


Endotracheal Tube Positive Pressure Ventilation Tracheostomy Tube Cricoid Cartilage Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Pulmonary/Critical Care MedicineLouisiana State University Health Sciences CenterNew OrleansUSA

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