Devices for Low Power Electronics

  • Syed Kamrul Islam
  • Mohammad Rafiqul Haider


The introduction of the concept of integrated circuits in 1958 by Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce enabled the electronics industry to achieve a phenomenal growth over the past several decades. The dimensions of semiconductor devices have been continuously shrinking to meet the needed requirements of high speed and low power as demanded by the circuit designers. Moore’s law is a well-established rule of thumb for scaling device dimensions. Minimum feature sizes of MOSFET devices have shrunk considerably since 1970, thereby increasing the number of transistors in a single integrated circuit as illustrated in Fig. 2.1


Supply Voltage Power Dissipation Hafnium Oxide Minimum Feature Size MOSFET Device 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Engineering ScienceSonoma State UniversityRohnert ParkUSA

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