Extraction of Three-dimensional Information from Reconstructions of In-Line Digital Holograms

  • Conor P. McElhinney
  • Bryan M. Hennelly
  • Bahram Javidi
  • Thomas J. Naughton


Holography, the science of recording and reconstructing a complex electromagnetic wavefield, was invented by Gabor in 1948 [1]. This initial invention concerned itself with electron microscopy and predated the invention of the laser. With the onset of the laser E. Leith and J. Upatnieks [2,3] appended the holographic principle with the introduction of the offset reference wave. This enabled the separation of the object wavefield from the other components that are generated in the optical reconstruction process, namely the intensities of the object and reference wavefields, and the so-called “ghost” or conjugate image. Holography may also be employed to describe the science of optical interferometry [4], which incorporates important industrial measurement techniques. We note that holography is at the heart of countless optical and nonoptical techniques [5].

Using photosensitive recording materials to record holograms is costly and inflexible. Digital holography [6,7,8,9,10,


Reference Beam Macroscopic Object Focus Measure Object Pixel Digital Hologram 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This chapter has emanated from research conducted with the financial support of Science Foundation Ireland, Enterprise Ireland, the Embark Initiative of the Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology under the National Development Plan, and the European Commission Framework Programme 6 through a Marie Curie Fellowship. The authors would also like to thank Jonathan Maycock and Lukas Ahrenberg for their help and contributions to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Conor P. McElhinney
    • 1
  • Bryan M. Hennelly
  • Bahram Javidi
  • Thomas J. Naughton
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNational University of IrelandCounty KildareIreland

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