Arsenic Pollution Sources

  • Hemda Garelick
  • Huw Jones
  • Agnieszka Dybowska
  • Eugenia Valsami-Jones
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 197)

I Introduction

Arsenic is a group V element, together with nitrogen, phosphorus, antimony and bismuth. Its electronic configuration is [Ar]3d104s24p3; it has an atomic weight of 75 and commonly occurs naturally in two oxidation states, +5, +3, and, more rarely, in the 0 or –3 state. Arsenic is classified as a metalloid in that it has a chemical nature intermediate between that of metals and nonmetals.

The environmental presence of arsenic derives from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Many natural processes contribute to environmental background concentrations of arsenic, including pedogenesis, dust storms, volcanic eruptions, geothermal/hydrothermal activity, and forest fires.

Arsenic is widely distributed and is present in the Earth's crust at an average abundance of about 5 mg/kg. It occurs naturally in more than 200 mineral forms, of which approximately 60% are arsenates, 20% sulfides and sulfosalts, with the remaining 20% comprising arsenides, arsenites, oxides, silicates,...


Arsenic Concentration Geothermal Field Geothermal Water Arsenic Contamination Reductive Dissolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hemda Garelick
    • 1
  • Huw Jones
    • 2
  • Agnieszka Dybowska
    • 3
  • Eugenia Valsami-Jones
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Natural SciencesSchool of Health and Social Sciences, Middlesex UniversityThe BurroughsLondon
  2. 2.Institue of Social and Health ResearchSchool of Health and Social Sciences, Middlesex UniversityThe BurroughsLondon
  3. 3.Department of MineralogyThe Natural History MuseumLondon
  4. 4.Department of MineralogyThe Natural History MuseumLondon

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