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The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty

Part of the Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being book series (EIAP, volume 6)

Abstract

In Chap. 2, we have presented a detailed and analytical discussion on the measurement of poverty using income as the only attribute of well-being. But as we have argued in Chap. 5, income is simply one of the many dimensions of well-being Therefore, poverty being a manifestation of insufficient well-being, should as well be regarded as a multidimensional phenomenon. In fact, there are many reasons for viewing poverty from a multidimensional perspective. The basic-needs approach regards poverty as lack of basic needs, and hence poverty is intrinsically multidimensional from this perspective. The importance of low income as a determinant of undernutrition is a debatable issue. (See Behrman and Deolikar, 1988; Dasgupta, 1993; Lipton and Ravallion, 1995; Ravallion, 1990, 1992.) In the capability-functioning approach, poverty is regarded as a problem of capability failure. As Sen (1999) argued, capability failure captures the notion of poverty that people experience in day-to-day living condition. This approach constitutes a very sensible way of conceptualizing poverty since capability failure is generated from inability of possession of a wide range of characteristics related to the living standard rather than simply from the lowness of income. (See also Lewis and Ulph, 1988; Sen, 1985a, 1992; Townsend, 1979.)

Keywords

Multidimensional Poverty Poverty Index Deprivation Score Multidimensional Poverty Index Poor Person 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

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