Pharmacogenetics of Antidepressant Response



Nowadays, the efficacy of antidepressant treatment and the profile of side effects are not predictable: sociodemographic and clinical variables have not provided clinicians with consistent support. Emerging evidence reports promising results from the genetic approach: pharmacogenetics identifies which genetic variations are associated with drug treatment outcome. Both pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic key genes have been investigated, and even though consistent conclusions are yet to come, several lines of evidence have led researchers to assume a promising future of effective pharmacogenetic-based pretreatment assessment. The most important antidepressant pharmacogenetic results in this field are reviewed in this chapter and future research lines are proposed.


Major Depressive Disorder Clock Gene Corticotropin Release Hormone Novelty Seek Antidepressant Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Serotonin receptor 1 A


Serotonin receptor 2A


Serotonin receptor 6


ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1






Beta1 adrenoceptor


Beta2 adrenoceptor


Circadian Locomotor Output Cycles Kaput


Catechol-O-methyl transferase




Corticotropin releasing hormone


Dopamine (receptor) type 2


Dopamine (receptor) type 3


Dopamine (receptor) type 4


(gene for the) dopamine receptor D 2


(gene for the) dopamine receptor D 3


(gene for the) dopamine receptor D 4




Lysergic acid diethylamide


Mono amino oxidase A


Membrane-bound COMT


Major depressive disorder


Norepinephrine transporter


Nitric oxide synthase


Obsessive compulsive disorder


Single nucleotide polymorphism


Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors


Soluble form of COMT


Tricyclic antidepressants


Food and Drug Administration (United States)


Variable number tandem repeat


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PsychiatryUniversity of BolognaItaly

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