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Pediatric Obesity

  • Brie A. Moore
  • Amanda Drews
Chapter

Clinical Definition

Body mass index (BMI; weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) is the most common measure of weight status, and is considered a reliable indicator of body fatness for most children and teens (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). Overweight children are commonly defined as those aged between 2 and 20 years with a BMI value greater than the 95th percentile for their age and sex (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). Children with a BMI value falling between the 85th and 95th percentiles for their age and sex are characterized as ‘at-risk for overweight' (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007).

Epidemiology

A few decades ago, childhood obesity was a rare condition. In the 1960s, one in every 24 children aged 6–11 years was overweight (National Center for Health Statistics, 2002). With the exception of few early researchers (e.g., Bacon & Lowrey, 1967), the treatment of pediatric obesity has also historically...

Keywords

Eating Disorder Childhood Obesity Overweight Child Acanthosis Nigricans Pediatric Obesity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CareIntegra, Inc.University of NevadaRenoUSA

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