Body mass index (BMI; weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) is the most common measure of weight status, and is considered a reliable indicator of body fatness for most children and teens (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). Overweight children are commonly defined as those aged between 2 and 20 years with a BMI value greater than the 95th percentile for their age and sex (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). Children with a BMI value falling between the 85th and 95th percentiles for their age and sex are characterized as ‘at-risk for overweight' (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007).
A few decades ago, childhood obesity was a rare condition. In the 1960s, one in every 24 children aged 6–11 years was overweight (National Center for Health Statistics, 2002). With the exception of few early researchers (e.g., Bacon & Lowrey, 1967), the treatment of pediatric obesity has also historically...
KeywordsEating Disorder Childhood Obesity Overweight Child Acanthosis Nigricans Pediatric Obesity
- Arredondo E. M., Elder J. P., Ayala G. X., Campbell N., Baquero B., & Duerksen S. (2006) Is parenting style related to children’s healthy eating and physical activity in Latino families? Health Education Research: Theory & Practice, 21, 862–871.Google Scholar
- Bacon, G. E., & Lowery, G. H. (1967). A clinical trial of fenfluramine in obese childern. Current Therapeutic Research Clinical Experimental, 9, 626–630. Google Scholar
- Britz B., Siegfried W., Ziegler A., & Lamertz C. (2000) Rates of psychiatric disorder in a clinical Study Group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 24, 1707–1714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) About BMI for children and teens. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/bmi/childrens_BMI/about_childrens_BMI.htm
- Dietz, W.H. (2004). Overweight in childhood and adolescence. New England Journal of Medicine, 350(9), 855–857. Google Scholar
- Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D., & Ludwig, D. (2002). Childhood obesity: Public-health crisis, common sense cure. Lancet, 10(360), 473–483. Google Scholar
- Fagot-Campagna, A., Pettitt, D., Engelgau, M., Burrows, N., Geiss, L., Valdez, R., et al. (2000). Type 2 diabetes among North American children and adolescents: An epidemiologic review and a public health perspective. Journal of Pediatrics, 136(5), 664–672. Google Scholar
- Horgen, K.B. & Brownell, K.D. (2002). Confronting the toxic environment; Environmental, public health actions in a world crisis. In T. A. Wadden & A. J. Stunkard (Eds.). Handbook of obesity treatment (pp. 95–106). New York: Guilford Press. Google Scholar
- Klesges R. C., Stein R. J., Eck L. H., Isbell T. R., & Klesges L. M. (1991) Parental influence on food selection in young children and its relationships to childhood obesity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71, 1054–1061.Google Scholar
- National Center for Health Statistics (2002). Retrieved on September 2, 2008 from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm
- Satter, E. (2007). Ellyn Satter’s division of responsibility in feeding. Available at: http://www.ellynsatter.com/
- United States Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS] (Updated on January 11, 2007) The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity: Overweight in Children and Adolescents. Available at: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/topics/obesity/calltoaction/fact_adolescents.htm
- Young-Hyman, D., Schulundt, D. G., Herman, L., Deluca, F., & Counts, D. (2001). Evaluation of the insulin resistance syndrome in 5- to 10-year-old overweight/obese African-American childern. Diabetes Care, 24, 1359–1364. Google Scholar