Diabetes – Guidelines and Handouts

  • Lauren Woodward TolleEmail author

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic illness in which an individual stops producing or properly using insulin. Insulin is a hormone that assists in converting sugars, starches, and other foods into usable energy (American Diabetes Association, ADA, 2007). Diabetes can lead to long-term health complications, including stroke, heart disease, neuropathy, retinopathy, and kidney disease among others; however, with proper management of diabetes, individuals can lower the risk of these complications. There are several methods for diagnosing diabetes, including (1) a fasting plasma glucose test, (2) an oral glucose tolerance test, and (3) a random plasma glucose test. The fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) is often the preferred method and involves testing blood glucose after an individual has not eaten for at least 8 hours. Table 1 reflects how diabetes can be diagnosed using the FPG (NIDDK, 2005).
Table 1

Fasting plasma glucose test

Plasma Glucose Result (mg/dL)


99 and below



Eating Disorder Gestational Diabetes Diabetes Management Coping Skill Training Online Support Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology/296University of Nevada RenoRenoUSA

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