• Gilles Clément
  • Millard F. Reschke


Mitigating the harmful effects of prolonged exposure to space radiation and weightlessness is one the most significant challenges that must be addressed to realize the long-duration planetary exploration missions currently envisioned. Given the fact that the astronaut explorers who will undertake these missions will be exposed to these deleterious effects for up to several years while they travel to and from Mars, it is of extreme importance that effective countermeasures are identified, developed, tested, and proven prior to undertaking such challenging missions (Clément & Bukley 2007).


Motion Sickness Lunar Surface Space Flight Lower Body Negative Pressure Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculté de Médecine de RangueilCentre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition UMR 5549 CNRS-Université Paul SabatierToulouse Cedex 9France
  2. 2.Neuroscience LaboratoriesNASA Johnson Space CenterHoustonUSA

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