History of Peritoneal Dialysis

  • D. Negoi
  • K.D. Nolph

The concept of the uremic syndrome caused by blood and tissue accumulation of toxic substances normally excreted in the urine was an established idea in the middle of nineteenth century [1, 2]. In the late 1800 s, renal insufficiency and concurrent uremic intoxication were treated only by simple and ineffective measures such as blood letting, dietary changes, digitalis, infusion of normal saline followed by forced diuresis, purgation, and diaphoresis [1, 3]. The period of time surrounding the beginning of the twentieth century was marked by intense research and growth in scientific knowledge that allowed the birth of clinical dialysis, a lifesaving therapy for patients with renal failure.


Peritoneal Dialysis Peritoneal Cavity Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritoneal Dialysis Patient Peritoneal Lavage 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Missouri School of Medicine - ColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.University of Missouri School of MedicineUSA

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