Advertisement

History of Peritoneal Dialysis

  • D. Negoi
  • K.D. Nolph

The concept of the uremic syndrome caused by blood and tissue accumulation of toxic substances normally excreted in the urine was an established idea in the middle of nineteenth century [1, 2]. In the late 1800 s, renal insufficiency and concurrent uremic intoxication were treated only by simple and ineffective measures such as blood letting, dietary changes, digitalis, infusion of normal saline followed by forced diuresis, purgation, and diaphoresis [1, 3]. The period of time surrounding the beginning of the twentieth century was marked by intense research and growth in scientific knowledge that allowed the birth of clinical dialysis, a lifesaving therapy for patients with renal failure.

Keywords

Peritoneal Dialysis Peritoneal Cavity Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritoneal Dialysis Patient Peritoneal Lavage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Maher JF. Antecedents of dialysis: the evolution of knowledge of uremic biochemical toxicity and therapeutic bloodwashing. Semin Dial 1991; 4 (3): 185–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cameron JS (ed.). The science of dialysis: ‘uraemic toxins’. History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002: 15–23.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Maher JF. The origins of American nephrology (1800–1850). J Am Soc Nephrol 1991; 1: 1128–1135.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gottschalk CW, Fellner SK. History of the science of dialysis. Am J Nephrol 1997; 17: 289–298.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cameron JS (ed.). The science of dialysis: osmosis, diffusion and semipermeable membranes. History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002: 24–31.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Drukker W. Hemodialysis: a historical review. In: Maher JF (ed.) Replacement of Renal Function by Dialysis. Third edition – updated and enlarged. Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989: 20–86.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    McBride PT. The development of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In: Nissenson AR, Fine RN (ed.) Clinical Dialysis. Fourth edition. McGraw Hill, New York: Medical Publishing Division, 2005: 1–25.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cunningham RS. The physiology of the serous membranes. Physiol Rev 1926; 6: 242–256.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McBride P. Taking the first steps in the development of peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Bull 1982;2: 100–102.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Recklinghausen FT. Die Lymphgefasse und ihre Beziehung zum Bindegewebe. Berlin: Hirschwald, 1862.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Recklinghausen FT. Zur Fettresorbtion. Virchow’s Arch 1863; 26: 172–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wegner G. Chirurgische Bemerkungen uber die Peritonealhohle, mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der Ovariotomie. Arch f Klin Chir 1877; 20: 51–145.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nolph KD. Peritoneal dialysis. In: Brenner BM, Rector FC (ed.) The Kidney. Third edition. Philadelphia: Ardmore Medical Books, W.B. Saunders Company, 1986: 1847–1884.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Starling EH, Tubby AH. The influence of mechanical factors on lymph production. J Physiol 1894; 16: 140–148.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cunningham, RS. Studies on absorption from serous cavities. III. The effect of dextrose upon the peritoneal mesothelium. Am J Physiol 1920; 53: 488–494.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Putnam TJ. The living peritoneum as a dialyzing membrane. Am. J. Physiol 1923; 63: 548–565.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Engel D. Beitrage zum permeabilitats problem: Entgiftungsstudien mittels des lebenden Peritoneums als “Dialysator.” Z Ges Exp Med Physiol 1927; 55: 574–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Abel JJ, Rowntree LG, Turner BB. On the removal of diffusible substances from the circulating blood of living animals by dialysis. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1914; 5: 275–316.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cameron JS (ed.). The search for better dialysis membranes: the peritoneum and the beginnings of peritoneal dialysis. History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002: 44–60.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Teschner M, Heidland A, Klassen A, et al. Georg Ganter – a pioneer of peritoneal dialysis and his tragic academic demise at the hand of the Nazi regime. J Nephrol 2004; 17: 457–460.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ganter, G. Uber die Beseitigung giftiger Stoffe aus dem Blute durch Dialyse. Munch Med Wochenschr 1923; 70: 1478–1481.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Odel HM, Ferris DO, Power MH. Peritoneal lavage as an effective means of extrarenal excretion. A clinical appraisal. Am J Med 1950; 9: 63–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    McBride P. The development of the atomic bomb and a treatment for renal failure. Perit Dial Int 1982; 2: 146–18.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Seligman AM, Howard AF, Fine J. Treatment of experimental uremia by means of peritoneal irrigation. J Clin Invest 1946; 25: 211–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Frank HA, Seligman AM, Fine J. Treatment of uremia after acute renal failure by peritoneal irrigation. JAMA 1946; 130: 703–705.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wear JB, Sisk IR, Trinkle AJ. Peritoneal lavage in the treatment of uremia; an experimental and clinical study. J Urol 1938; 39: 53–62.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Frank HA, Seligman AM, Fine J. Further experiences with peritoneal irrigation for acute renal failure. Ann Surg 1948; 128: 561–608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Grollman A, Turner LB, McLean JA. Intermittent peritoneal lavage in nephrectomized dogs and its application to the human being. Arch Int Med 1951; 87: 379–390.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Cameron JS (ed.). The spread of dialysis technology for acute renal failure (1947–1960). History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002: 121–156.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    McBride P. Morton Maxwell: he made acute peritoneal dialysis a routine procedure. Perit Dial Int 1984; 4: 58–59.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Maxwell M, Rockney R, Kleeman CR. Peritoneal dialysis. JAMA 1959; 170 (8): 917–924.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    McBride P. Paul Doolan and Richard Rubin: performed the first successful chronic peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int 1985; 5: 84–86.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Doolan PD, Murphy WP, Wiggins RA, et al. An evaluation of intermittent peritoneal lavage. Am J Med 1959; 26: 831–844.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cameron JS (ed.). New materials and methods II: long-term peritoneal dialysis becomes possible. History of the Treatment of Renal Failure by Dialysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002: 201–208.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Boen ST, Curtis FK, Tenckhoff H, et al. Chronic hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Proc Eur Dial Transplant Assoc 1964; 1: 221–223.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    McBride P. Henry Tenckhoff: the father of chronic peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int 1983; 3: 47–52.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    McBride P, Fred TS, Boen MD. The man who brought science to the art of peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int 1982; 2: 50–53.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Boen ST. Kinetics of Peritoneal Dialysis. Baltimore, MD: Medicine 1961: 243–287.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Twardowski ZJ. History of peritoneal access development. Int J Artif Organs 2006; 29 (1): 2–40.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Boen ST, Mulinari AS, Dillard DH, et al. Periodic peritoneal dialysis in the management of chronic uremia. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1962; 8: 256–262.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Merrill JP, Sabbaga E, Henderson L, et al. The use of an inlying plastic conduit for chronic peritoneal irrigation. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1962; 8: 252–255.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kolff  WJ, Waugh WH, Garrett J, et al. Discussion at the Eighth Annual Meeting of the American Society for Artificial Internal organs, Atlantic City, New Jersey, April 13–14, 1962. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1962; 8: 263–265.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Malette WG, McPhaul JJ, Bledsoe F, et al. A clinically successful subcutaneous access for repeated peritoneal dialysis. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1964; 10: 396–398.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Barry KG, Shambaugh GE, Goler D. A new flexible cannula and seal to provide prolonged access to the peritoneal cavity for dialysis. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1963; 9: 105–107.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Barry KG, Schwartz FD, Matthews FE. Further experience with the flexible peritoneal cannula in several hospital centers. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1964; 10: 400–405.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Friedman EA, Lasker N, Schreiner GE. Discussion at the Tenth Annual Meeting of the American Society for Artificial Internal organs, Chicago, Illinois, April 12-13, 1964. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1964; 10: 408.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    McBride P. Norman Lasker: making the first steps towards automated chronic peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int 1983; 3: 168–169.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Gutch CF. Peritoneal dialysis. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1964; 10: 406–407.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Gutch CF, Stevens SC. Silastic catheter for peritoneal dialysis. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1966; 12: 106–107.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Boen ST, Mion CM, Curtis FK, et al. Periodic peritoneal dialysis using the repeated puncture technique and an automatic cycling machine. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1964; 10: 409–413.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    McBride P, Harold McDonald Jr. Developing some of the ABC’s of peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int 1981; 1: 109–112.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    McDonald HP. A peritoneal dialysis trocar. J Urol 1963; 89: 946–947.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Tenckhoff H, Shilipetar G, Boen ST. One year’s experience with home peritoneal dialysis. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1965; 11: 11–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Tenckhoff H, Schechter H. A bacteriologically safe peritoneal access device. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1968; 14: 181–186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    McBride P, Russel A, Palmer MD. The man behind today’s permanent peritoneal catheter. Perit Dial Int 1981; 1: 156–158.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Palmer RA, Quinton WE, Gray JE. Prolonged peritoneal dialysis for chronic renal failure. Preliminary communication. Lancet 1964: 1 (7335): 700–702.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Palmer RA, Newell JE, Gray JE, et al. Treatment of chronic renal failure by prolonged peritoneal dialysis. N Engl J Med 1966; 274 (5): 248–253.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Negoi D, Prowant BF, Twardowski ZJ. Current trends in the use of peritoneal dialysis catheters. Adv Perit Dial 2006; 22: 147–152.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    McDonald HP, Gerber N, Mishra D, et al. A subcutaneous Dacron and Teflon cloth adjuncts for silastic arteriovenous shunts and peritoneal dialysis catheter. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1968; 16: 176–180.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Tenckhoff H, Shilipetar G, Van Paasschen WH, et al. A home peritoneal dialysate delivery system. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1969; 15: 103–107.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Boen ST. History of peritoneal dialysis. In: Nolph KD. Peritoneal Dialysis. Third edition. Kluwer Academic Publishers Dordrecht/ Boston/London 1989: 1–12.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    McDonald HP. An automatic peritoneal dialysis machine for hospital or home peritoneal dialysis: preliminary report. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1969; 15: 108–111.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Tenckhoff H, Meston B, Shilipetar G. A simplified automatic peritoneal dialysis system. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1972; 18: 436–439.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Oreopoulos D, Peritoneal Dialysis in Ontario. www.Ispd.org/history/ont.php3. International Society of Peritoneal Dialysis web page/history. Accessed on 02/10/2007.
  65. 65.
    Lasker N, McCauley EP, Passarotti CT. Chronic peritoneal dialysis. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1966; 12: 94–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Nissesnson AR. Restructuring the ESRD payment system in the United States. Kidney Int 2004; 66: 466–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Moncrief JW, Popovich RP, Nolph KD. The history and current status of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Am J Kidney Dis 1990; 16: 579–584.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Ahmad S, Gallaher N, Shen F. Intermittent peritoneal dialysis: status re-assessed. Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1979; 25: 86–88.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Gutman RA. Towards enhancement of peritoneal clearances. Dial Transplant 1979; 8: 1072–1076.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Popovich RP, Moncrief JW, Decherd JF, et al. The definition of a novel portable/wearable equilibrium dialysis technique. (Abstract) Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1976; 5: 64.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Nolph KD. 1975 to 1984 – An important decade for peritoneal dialysis: memories with personal anecdotes. Perit Dial Int 2002; 22: 608–613.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Popovich RP, Moncrief JW, Nolph KD, et al. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Ann Intern Med 1978; 88 (4): 449–455.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Oreopoulos DG. A backward look at the first 20 years of CAPD. Perit Dial Int 1998; 18: 360–362.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Oreopoulos DG, Robson M, Izatt S, et al. A simple and safe technique for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Trans Am Soc Artif Intern Organs 1978; 24: 484–487.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Buoncristiani U. Birth and evolution of the “Y” set. ASAIO J 1996; 42 (1): 8–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Maiorca R, Cantaluppi A, Cancarinin GC, et al. Prospective controlled trial of a Y-connector and disinfectant to prevent peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Lancet 1983; 2: 642–644.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Chruchill DN, Taylor DW, Vas SI, et al. Peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD): a multicenter randomized clinical trial comparing the y-connector disinfectant system to standard systems. Perit Dial Int 1989; 9: 159–163.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Venkataraman V, Nolph KD. Utilization of PD modalities: Evolution. Semin Dial 2002; 15 (6): 380–384.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Diaz-Buxo JA, Farmer CD, Walker PJ, et al. Continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis – a preliminary report. Artif Organs 1981; 5: 157–161.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Price CG, Suki WN. Newer modifications of peritoneal dialysis: options in treatment of patients with renal failure. Am J Nephrol 1981; 1 (2): 97–104.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Twardowski ZJ, Nolph KD, Khanna R, et al. Peritoneal equilibration test. Perit Dial Bull 1987; 7: 138–147.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Churchill DN, Taylor DW, Keshaviah PR. Canada – USA (CANUSA) Peritoneal Dialysis Study Group. Adequacy of dialysis and nutrition in continuous peritoneal dialysis: association with clinical outcomes. J Am Soc Nephrol 1996; 7: 198–207.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Golper T, Churchill D, Burkart J et al. NKF – KDOQI clinical practice guidelines for peritoneal dialysis adequacy. Am J Kidney Dis 1997; 30 (suppl 2): S67–136.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Bargman JM, Thorpe KE, Churchill DN. Relative contribution of residual renal function and peritoneal clearance to adequacy of dialysis: a reanalysis of the CANUSA study. J Am Soc Nephrol 2001; 12: 2158–2162.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Paniagua R, Amato D, Vonesh E, et al. Effects of increased peritoneal clearances on mortality rates in peritoneal dialysis: ADEMEX, a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. J Am Soc Nephrol 2002; 13: 1307–1320.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Ponce SP, Pierratos A, Izattt S, et al. comparison of the survival and complications of three permanent peritoneal dialysis catheters. Perit Dial Bull 1982; 2: 82–86.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Ash SR, Johnson H, Hartman J, et al. The column disc peritoneal catheter. A peritoneal access device with improved drainage. ASAIO J 1980; 3: 109–115.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Ash SR, Janle EM. T-fluted peritoneal catheter. Adv Perit Dial 1993; 9: 223–226.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Valli A, Crescimanno U, Midiri O, et al. 18 months experience with a new (Valli) catheter for peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int 1983; 3: 22–24.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Twardowski ZJ, Khanna R, Nolph KD, et al. Preliminary experience with the Swan Neck peritoneal dialysis catheters. ASAIO Trans 1986; 32: 64–67.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Grassman A, Gioberge S, Moeller S, et al. ESRD patients in 2004: global overview of patient numbers, treatment modalities and associated trends. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2005; 20: 2587–2593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Fenton SS, Schaubel DE, Desmeules M, et al. Hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis: a comparison of adjusted mortality rates. Am J Kidney Dis 1997; 3: 334–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Davies S, Phillips L, Griffiths AM, et al. What really happens to people on long-term peritoneal dialysis? Kidney Int 1998; 54: 2207–2217.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Missouri School of Medicine - ColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.University of Missouri School of MedicineUSA

Personalised recommendations