Advertisement

The decade of Halley

Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

By the end of the 1970s the American program of solar system exploration was in disarray. After the success of Viking, and with the Voyager and Pioneer Venus missions underway, it appeared to some that planetary exploration had achieved its goals and, consequently, there was little left to do. In addition, many other factors conspired against launching further missions. Chief among them was the fact that the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) spent so much of its budget on human spaceflight, and in particular the Space Shuttle, which the agency had ‘sold’ to Congress by promising that the high development cost (projected at about $5 billion) would be offset in service by partial re-usability and the high rate of flights (as many as 60 per year). In fact, the Shuttle cost almost twice as much to develop and proved to be capable of at most a dozen flights per year, and the actual degree of re-usability and turn-around time left a great deal to be desired. To cover the Shuttle overruns, NASA cut into the budgets of its scientific programs, creating such havoc that these took almost a decade to recover. Another reason for the crisis in the planetary exploration program was America’s détente with the Soviet Union, which fostered cooperation rather than competition in space. But planetary science gained little if any advantage from it, and the rapprochement declined in the early 1980s. In the meantime, NASA shifted its scientific focus away from planetary exploration towards terrestrial studies and astronomy, in particular approving the development of the Large Space Telescope, which would later become the Hubble Space Telescope, as the first in a series of space-based ‘Great Observatories’ that would, between them, cover the electromagnetic spectrum from the far infrared to gamma-ray wavelengths.

Keywords

Solar Wind European Space Agency Halo Orbit Solar Sail Deep Space Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Friedman-1980Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Westwick-2007aGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    For the ‘War of the Worlds’ see Part 1, page 170Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    For Venera missions see Part 1, pages 209–216 and 284–289Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Elachi-1980Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Westwick-2007bGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Adams-1981Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Muenger-1985Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Westwick-2007cGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    For the Pioneer Venus missions see Part 1, pages 262–284Google Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    James-1982Google Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    Smith-1982Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Butrica-1996aGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Perminov-2004Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wilson-1987aGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Siddiqi-2002aGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lardier-1992aGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Murray-1989aGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Burke-1984Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Oertel-1984Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Perminov-2004Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kelly Beatty-1984Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Burke-1984Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Oertel-1984Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kelly Beatty-1984Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Perminov-2004Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Burke-1984Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bockstein-1988Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Blamont-1987aGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Burke-1984Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kelly Beatty-1984Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ivanov-1988Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Slyuta-1988Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kotelnikov-1984Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Petropoulos-1993Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Basilevsky-1988Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Schaber-1986Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Ivanov-1990Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Alexandrov-1989Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Alekseev-1986Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    NSSDC-2004Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kelly Beatty-1985aGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Siddiqi-2002aGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Maffei-1987aGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    For Edmund Halley and Halley’s comet see Part 1, page livGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Michielsen-1968Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Friedlander-1971Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Friedman-1980Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ulivi-2006Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Tsander-1924Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Saunders-1951Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Powell-1959Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Schaefer-2007Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    For Purple Pigeons see Part 1, pages 256–261Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Blamont-1987bGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Spaceflight-1977Google Scholar
  60. 60.
  61. 61.
    Murray-1989bGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Friedman-1988Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    McInnes-2003Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Logsdon-1989Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Kronk-1984aGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
  67. 67.
    Hughes-1980Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Kumar-1978Google Scholar
  69. 69.
  70. 70.
    Friedman-1980Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Logsdon-1989Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Calder-1992aGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
  74. 74.
    Covault-1979Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Harvey-2000aGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Kraemer-2000aGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Akiba-1980Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Wilson-1987bGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Hirao-1986Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Hirao-1984Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Hirao-1987Google Scholar
  82. 82.
  83. 83.
    Olson-1979Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Calder-1992bGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Reinhard-1986aGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
  87. 87.
    Logsdon-1989Google Scholar
  88. 88.
  89. 89.
    Whipple-1966Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Lundquist-2008Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    For Whipple and the ‘dirty snowball’ theory see Part 1, pages liv-lvGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Janin-1984Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Calder-1992cGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Wilson-1987cGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
  96. 96.
    Jenkins-2002Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Keller-1986Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Calder-1992dGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Barbieri-1985Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Reinhard-1986bGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Bonnet-2002Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Calder-1992eGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Kissel-1986aGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Reinhard-1986bGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Calder-1992fGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Calder-1992gGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Sagdeev-1994aGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Friedman-1980Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Blamont-1987cGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Vekshin-1999Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Perminov-2006Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Perminov-2005Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Blamont-1987dGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Sagdeev-1986aGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Simpson-1986Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Sagdeev-1994bGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Covault-1985aGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Kissel-1986bGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Gringauz-1986Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Somogyi-1986Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Riedler-1986Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Grard-1986Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Klimov-1986Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Blamont-1987eGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Blamont-1987fGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Sagdeev-1986bGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Perminov-2006Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    For a description of the standard Venera lander see Part 1, pages 209–210 and 285Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Bertaux-1986Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Moshkin-1986Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Wilson-1987dGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Perminov-2005Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Wilson-1987dGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Kremnev-1986aGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Kremnev-1986bGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Blamont-1987gGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Harvey-2007aGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Friedman-1980Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Murray-1989cGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
  141. 141.
    Farquhar-1999Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Murray-1989dGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Logsdon-1989Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Waldrop-1981aGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Friedman-1980Google Scholar
  146. 146.
  147. 147.
    Davies-1988aGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Geenty-2005Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Blamont-1987hGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
  151. 151.
    Maffei-1987bGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Blamont-1987iGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Sagdeev-1994cGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Vekshin-1999Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Blamont-1987jGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Blamont-1987kGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Basilevsky-1992Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Blamont-19871Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Preston-1986Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Sagdeev-1986cGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Basilevsky-1992Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Linkin-1986Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Linkin-1986Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Moshkin-1986Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    Zhulanov-1986Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Gel’man-1986Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Surkov-1986aGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Andreichikov-1986Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    Surkov-1986bGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Bertaux-1986Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Surkov-1986cGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Surkov-1986dGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Preston-1986Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Sagdeev-1986cGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Perminov-2005Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Sagdeev-1986dGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Sagdeev-1994dGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Dornheim-1985Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Blamont-1987mGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Klaes-1993Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Wilson-1987eGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Farquhar-1976Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Farquhar-2001Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    Kronk-1984bGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Kronk-1988aGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Sekanina-1985Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    For Robert Farquhar and early comet exploration proposals see Part 1, pages 206–208Google Scholar
  188. 188.
  189. 189.
    Farquhar-1983Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Kuznik-1985Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Farquhar-2001Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    Eberhart-1985Google Scholar
  193. 193.
  194. 194.
    Farquhar-2001Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Maran-1985Google Scholar
  196. 196.
    Von Rosenvinge-1986Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Scarf-1986Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Smith-1986Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    Oglivie-1986Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Kelly Beatty-1985bGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
  202. 202.
    Cowley-1985Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    Covault-1985bGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Mudgway-2001aGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Williams-2005Google Scholar
  206. 206.
    Farquhar-2001Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Wilson-1987bGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Hirao-1986Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Calder-1992hGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Jenkins-2002Google Scholar
  211. 211.
    Münch-1986Google Scholar
  212. 212.
    Wilson-1987bGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Calder-1992iGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Calder-1992jGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
  216. 216.
    Hirao-1986Google Scholar
  217. 217.
    Bonnet-2002Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    Calder-1992kGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Calder-19921Google Scholar
  220. 220.
    Kiseleva-2007Google Scholar
  221. 221.
  222. 222.
    Sekanina-1986Google Scholar
  223. 223.
  224. 224.
    Kronk-1999Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Somogyi-1986Google Scholar
  226. 226.
    Grard-1986Google Scholar
  227. 227.
    Gringauz-1986Google Scholar
  228. 228.
    Somogyi-1986Google Scholar
  229. 229.
    Simpson-1986Google Scholar
  230. 230.
    Keppler-1986Google Scholar
  231. 231.
    Gringauz-1986Google Scholar
  232. 232.
    Sagdeev-1986bGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Perminov-2006Google Scholar
  234. 234.
    Sagdeev-1986aGoogle Scholar
  235. 235.
  236. 236.
    Kaneda-1986Google Scholar
  237. 237.
    Uesugi-1986Google Scholar
  238. 238.
  239. 239.
    Hirao-1986Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    Hirao-1987Google Scholar
  241. 241.
    Wilson-1987bGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Simpson-1986Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Vaisberg-1986Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    Gringauz-1986Google Scholar
  245. 245.
    Riedler-1986Google Scholar
  246. 246.
    Grard-1986Google Scholar
  247. 247.
    Perminov-2006Google Scholar
  248. 248.
    Lenorovitz-1986aGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Sagdeev-1986aGoogle Scholar
  250. 250.
  251. 251.
    Lenorovitz-1986aGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Combes-1986Google Scholar
  253. 253.
    Krasnopolsky-1986Google Scholar
  254. 254.
    Moreels-1986Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Vaisberg-1986Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Mazets-1986Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Simpson-1986Google Scholar
  258. 258.
    Sagdeev-1986bGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Kissel-1986bGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Savich-1986Google Scholar
  261. 261.
    Canby-1986Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    Hirao-1986Google Scholar
  263. 263.
    Saito-1986Google Scholar
  264. 264.
    Hirao-1987Google Scholar
  265. 265.
    Wilson-1987bGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Festou-1986Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Calder-1993mGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Neubauer-1986Google Scholar
  269. 269.
    Balsiger-1986Google Scholar
  270. 270.
    Johnstone-1986Google Scholar
  271. 271.
    Rème-1986Google Scholar
  272. 272.
    Calder-1992nGoogle Scholar
  273. 273.
    Keller-1986Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Calder-1992oGoogle Scholar
  275. 275.
    McDonnell-1986Google Scholar
  276. 276.
    Neubauer-1986Google Scholar
  277. 277.
    Jenkins-2002Google Scholar
  278. 278.
    Keller-1986Google Scholar
  279. 279.
    Keller-1988Google Scholar
  280. 280.
    Sekanina-1986Google Scholar
  281. 281.
    Sekanina-1987Google Scholar
  282. 282.
    Smith-1987aGoogle Scholar
  283. 283.
    Calder-1992pGoogle Scholar
  284. 284.
    Kissel-1986aGoogle Scholar
  285. 285.
    Calder-1992qGoogle Scholar
  286. 286.
    McDonnell-1987Google Scholar
  287. 287.
    McDonnell-1986Google Scholar
  288. 288.
    Balsiger-1988Google Scholar
  289. 289.
    Wilkins-1986Google Scholar
  290. 290.
    Prialnik-1992Google Scholar
  291. 291.
    Hainaut-2004Google Scholar
  292. 292.
    Hainaut-2007Google Scholar
  293. 293.
    Ferrin-1988Google Scholar
  294. 294.
    McFadden-1993Google Scholar
  295. 295.
    Ostro-1985Google Scholar
  296. 296.
    Sagdeev-1986bGoogle Scholar
  297. 297.
    AWST-1986aGoogle Scholar
  298. 298.
    Spaceflight-1992aGoogle Scholar
  299. 299.
    Perminov-2006Google Scholar
  300. 300.
    Davies-1988bGoogle Scholar
  301. 301.
    Verigin-1999Google Scholar
  302. 302.
    Bortle-1996Google Scholar
  303. 303.
    Uesugi-1988Google Scholar
  304. 304.
    Dunham-1990Google Scholar
  305. 305.
    Farquhar-1999Google Scholar
  306. 306.
    Siddiqi-2002bGoogle Scholar
  307. 307.
    Calder-1992rGoogle Scholar
  308. 308.
    Farquhar-1999Google Scholar
  309. 309.
    Kamoun-1982Google Scholar
  310. 310.
    Kronk-1984cGoogle Scholar
  311. 311.
    Kronk-1998bGoogle Scholar
  312. 312.
    Kresak-1987Google Scholar
  313. 313.
    Dunham-1990Google Scholar
  314. 314.
    Calder-1992sGoogle Scholar
  315. 315.
    Calder-1992tGoogle Scholar
  316. 316.
    McKenna-Lawlor-2002Google Scholar
  317. 317.
    McDonnell-1993Google Scholar
  318. 318.
  319. 319.
    McBride-1997Google Scholar
  320. 320.
    McKenna-Lawlor-2002Google Scholar
  321. 321.
  322. 322.
    Flight-1992aGoogle Scholar
  323. 323.
    Schwehm-1992Google Scholar
  324. 324.
    Calder-1992uGoogle Scholar
  325. 325.
  326. 326.
    For Mariner 10’s tribulations see Part 1, pages 172–196Google Scholar
  327. 327.
    Westwick-2007dGoogle Scholar
  328. 328.
    Westwick-2007eGoogle Scholar
  329. 329.
    Blume-1984Google Scholar
  330. 330.
    Neugebauer-1983Google Scholar
  331. 331.
    Waldrop-1981bGoogle Scholar
  332. 332.
    Waldrop-1982Google Scholar
  333. 333.
  334. 334.
    Westwick-2007fGoogle Scholar
  335. 335.
  336. 336.
    Farquhar-1999Google Scholar
  337. 337.
  338. 338.
    Tsou-1985aGoogle Scholar
  339. 339.
    Wilson-1986aGoogle Scholar
  340. 340.
    Eberhardt-1986Google Scholar
  341. 341.
    Covault-1985cGoogle Scholar
  342. 342.
    Tsou-1985bGoogle Scholar
  343. 343.
    Blume-1984Google Scholar
  344. 344.
    Albee-1994Google Scholar
  345. 345.
    Uesugi-1995Google Scholar
  346. 346.
    Kronk-1984dGoogle Scholar
  347. 347.
    Brownlee-2003Google Scholar
  348. 348.
    Wilson-1986aGoogle Scholar
  349. 349.
    AWST-1985aGoogle Scholar
  350. 350.
    Wilson-1985Google Scholar
  351. 351.
    AWST-1985bGoogle Scholar
  352. 352.
    Cunningham-1988aGoogle Scholar
  353. 353.
    Cunningham-1988bGoogle Scholar
  354. 354.
    Whipple-1987Google Scholar
  355. 355.
    Houpis-1986Google Scholar
  356. 356.
    Collins-1986Google Scholar
  357. 357.
    AWST-1989aGoogle Scholar
  358. 358.
    Weinberger-1984Google Scholar
  359. 359.
    Wilson-1987fGoogle Scholar
  360. 360.
    Westwick-2007gGoogle Scholar
  361. 361.
  362. 362.
  363. 363.
    Spaceflight-1992bGoogle Scholar
  364. 364.
    Stuhlinger-1986Google Scholar
  365. 365.
  366. 366.
    Elfving-1993Google Scholar
  367. 367.
    Atzei-1989Google Scholar
  368. 368.
    Sedbon-1989Google Scholar
  369. 369.
    Wilson-1986bGoogle Scholar
  370. 370.
    Carlier-1993Google Scholar
  371. 371.
  372. 372.
    Ulivi-2006Google Scholar
  373. 373.
    Alfvèn-1970Google Scholar
  374. 374.
    Stuhlinger-1970Google Scholar
  375. 375.
    Cunningham-1988cGoogle Scholar
  376. 376.
    Schwaiger-1971Google Scholar
  377. 377.
    Cunningham-1988dGoogle Scholar
  378. 378.
    Alvarez-1997Google Scholar
  379. 379.
    Russo-2000aGoogle Scholar
  380. 380.
    Thomson-1982aGoogle Scholar
  381. 381.
  382. 382.
    Cunningham-1983Google Scholar
  383. 383.
    Langevin-1983Google Scholar
  384. 384.
    Balogh-1984Google Scholar
  385. 385.
    Cunningham-1988eGoogle Scholar
  386. 386.
  387. 387.
    Cunningham-1985Google Scholar
  388. 388.
    Cunningham-1988fGoogle Scholar
  389. 389.
    Cosmovici-1983Google Scholar
  390. 390.
    Cunningham-1988gGoogle Scholar
  391. 391.
    Anselmo-1987aGoogle Scholar
  392. 392.
    Anselmo-1987bGoogle Scholar
  393. 393.
    Pardini-1990Google Scholar
  394. 394.
    Anselmo-1990Google Scholar
  395. 395.
    Anselmo-1991Google Scholar
  396. 396.
    Anselmo-2007Google Scholar
  397. 397.
    Cunningham-1988fGoogle Scholar
  398. 398.
    Covault-1985dGoogle Scholar
  399. 399.
    Lenorovitz-1985Google Scholar
  400. 400.
    Kelly Beatty-1985aGoogle Scholar
  401. 401.
    Furniss-1987aGoogle Scholar
  402. 402.
    Lenorovitz-1986bGoogle Scholar
  403. 403.
    Grard-1988Google Scholar
  404. 404.
    Cunningham-1989Google Scholar
  405. 405.
    Flight-1988Google Scholar
  406. 406.
    Surkov-1997aGoogle Scholar
  407. 407.
    Kovtunenko-1995Google Scholar
  408. 408.
    Farquhar-1995Google Scholar
  409. 409.
    McLaughlin-1985Google Scholar
  410. 410.
    Maehl-1983Google Scholar
  411. 411.
    Cunningham-1988hGoogle Scholar
  412. 412.
    McComas-2006Google Scholar
  413. 413.
    Ulivi-2008Google Scholar
  414. 414.
    Friedman-1994Google Scholar
  415. 415.
    Anderson-1977Google Scholar
  416. 416.
    Randolph-1978Google Scholar
  417. 417.
    Bender-1978Google Scholar
  418. 418.
    McLaughlin-1984Google Scholar
  419. 419.
    Anderson-1994Google Scholar
  420. 420.
    Sukhanov-1985Google Scholar
  421. 421.
    Kovtunenko-1990Google Scholar
  422. 422.
    Galeev-1990Google Scholar
  423. 423.
    Furniss-1987aGoogle Scholar
  424. 424.
    Furniss-1987bGoogle Scholar
  425. 425.
  426. 426.
    Jaffe-1980Google Scholar
  427. 427.
    Aston-1986Google Scholar
  428. 428.
    Forward-1986Google Scholar
  429. 429.
  430. 430.
    Etchegaray-1987Google Scholar
  431. 431.
  432. 432.
    Westwick-2007hGoogle Scholar
  433. 433.
    For early European deep space exploration planning see Part 1, pages 88–89Google Scholar
  434. 434.
  435. 435.
  436. 436.
  437. 437.
    Grard-1982Google Scholar
  438. 438.
    Thomson-1982bGoogle Scholar
  439. 439.
    Russo-2000bGoogle Scholar
  440. 440.
    Rawal-1986Google Scholar
  441. 441.
    Wilson-1987gGoogle Scholar
  442. 442.
    Grard-1994Google Scholar
  443. 443.
    Harvey-2000bGoogle Scholar
  444. 444.
    Flight-1993Google Scholar
  445. 445.
    Spaceflight-1992cGoogle Scholar
  446. 446.

Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd. 2009

Personalised recommendations