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Section Preface

  • K. D. Kreuer
Part of the Topics in Applied Physics book series (TAP, volume 113)

The fuel cell concept is actually known for more than 150 years. It was Christian Friedrich Schönbein who recognized and described the appearance of “inverse electrolysis” [1] shortly before Sir William Grove, the inventor of the platinum/zinc battery, constructed his first “gas voltaic battery” [2]. Both used platinum electrodes and dilute sulfuric acid as a proton conducting electrolyte which is chemically not very different from the materials used in modern PEM fuel cells. The most commonly used fuel cell electrolytes today are hydrated ionomers bearing sulfonic acid functional groups, and platinum or platinum alloys are still used as materials for the electrocatalysts. The following chapters focus on these two classes of materials, the main constituents of the so- called membrane electrode assembly (MEA), the heart of every PEM fuel cell. In addition, many more materials are required to construct a fuel cell, e.g. the carbon support of the electrocatalyst, the gas diffusion layer...

Keywords

Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly Fuel Cell Technology Electroosmotic Drag Proton Conducting Electrolyte 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

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  • K. D. Kreuer

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