Cytotoxicity of Photoactive Nanoparticles

Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)


This chapter describes the cytotoxicity of photoactive materials (specifically, quantum dots, noble metal nanoparticles (including gold and silver), and fluorescent silica nanoparticles). A thorough representation of in vitro and in vivo toxicity studies is presented. Since the toxicity on photoactive nanomaterials described in this chapter has developed rapidly and has attracted a great amount of interest, it is expected that many novel developments and applications of photoactive nanomaterials will ensue in the near future.


Silver Nanoparticles Fluorescent Silica High Cytotoxic Effect Coating Ligand Fluorescent Silica Nanoparticles 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Ag NPs

Silver nanoparticles

Au NPs

Gold nanoparticles


Bovine serum albumin


Cadmium selenide


Cadmium telluride


Effective concentration




Lethal concentration


Mitochondrial membrane potential


3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide


Mercaptopropionic acid


Mercapto-undecanoic acid






Polyethylene glycol


Quantum dots


Reactive oxygen species

Silica NPs

Silica nanoparticles






Zinc sulfide.



This work was partially supported by Society for Analytical Chemists of Pittsburgh Starter Grant; New Faculty Scholar Awards and Faculty Research Seed Money Awards at the University of North Dakota; and Startup fund from NSF EPSCoR, EPA EPSCoR and BRIN at the University of North Dakota.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of North DakotaGrand ForksUSA

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