Cooling and liquefaction of air and its constituents

  • Gadhiraju Venkatarathnam
Part of the International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (ICMS)


Mixed refrigerant processes were originally developed for the liquefaction of natural gas. There has, however, been considerable interest in academia as well as in industry in developing mixed refrigerant processes for the liquefaction of nitrogen and air [1, 2, 22–24, 29, 30, 45–47, 84]. Mixed refrigerant processes have also been developed to replace expansion turbines in air separation processes [25].


Heat Exchanger Exergy Efficiency Exergy Loss Cold Stream Expansion Valve 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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