Lead Stress Effects on Physiobiochemical Activities of Higher Plants

  • Rakesh Singh Sengar
  • Madhu Gautam
  • Rakesh Singh Sengar
  • Rajesh Singh Sengar
  • Sanjay Kumar Garg
  • Kalpana Sengar
  • Reshu Chaudhary
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 196)

1 Introduction

Environmental degradation caused by rapid industrial expansion of activities such as mining, power generation, transportation, and intensive agriculture, among others, has become a major threat to the sustenance and welfare of mankind. During the past few decades, heavy metals, which constitute important groups of environmental pollutants, have received increasing attention. Heavy metals are nondegradable and readily enter the food chain and can subsequently endanger human and animal health (Valle and Ulmer 1972; Niragh 1988; Schmidt and Ibrahim 1994; Liou et al. 1974). Contamination of the environment by heavy metals further jeopardizes human welfare by reducing productivity of agricultural land and curtailing crop yields (Strand et al. 1990). Lead (Pb) is one of the most abundant heavy metals and is highly phytotoxic. Although lead is not an essential element for plants or animals, both often absorb lead easily. Uptake of lead and its accumulation in plants occur...


Lead Concentration Lead Exposure Nitrate Reductase Activity Glutamine Synthetase Activity Root Surface Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Singh Sengar
    • 1
  • Madhu Gautam
    • 1
  • Rakesh Singh Sengar
    • 2
  • Rajesh Singh Sengar
    • 3
  • Sanjay Kumar Garg
    • 4
  • Kalpana Sengar
    • 2
  • Reshu Chaudhary
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Management StudiesGhaziabadIndia
  2. 2.College of BiotechnologySardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and TechnologyMeerutIndia
  3. 3.Meerut Institute of Engineering and TechnologyMeerutIndia
  4. 4.Department of Plant ScienceM.J.P. Rohillkhand UniversityBareillyIndia

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