Environmental Impact of Pesticides in Egypt

  • Sameeh A. MansourEmail author
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 196)

1 Introduction

Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world, and the second most populous in Africa after Nigeria. Egyptians live on 3 million ha, and this area must feed 80 million citizens. Modest calculations indicate that by 2018 the country’s population may exceed 100 million (Mansour 2004). Agricultural activities account for 28% of total national income, and nearly half of the country’s work force is dependent on the agricultural subsector for its livelihood. Moreover, Egypt is rapidly industrializing and is using chemicals extensively in a wide spectrum of industrial sectors. Some 4 million metric tons (t) of chemicals and chemical products are annually imported into Egypt. These imported chemicals represent about 95% of manufactured chemicals found and used in the country. The major industrial sectors in Egypt are raw and fabricated metals, vehicles, and pharmaceuticals. Other important industries include textiles, pesticides, fertilizers, petrochemicals, cement,...


Pesticide Residue Methyl Parathion Cotton Field Heptachlor Epoxide Pesticide Contamination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author thanks Prof. Dr. Hany Gamalludin, Director of Poison Control Center of Ain Shams University Hospitals (PCCA), Cairo, Egypt, for providing statistical data on patterns of poisoning.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Professor of Pesticides and Environmental ToxicologyPesticide Chemistry Department, National Research CentreCairoEgypt

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