Advertisement

Advantages and Limitations of Costa Rica's Experience in Competition Policy. A Benchmark for the Rest of the Countries of the Central American Region

  • Pamela Sittenfeld

The Law on Promotion of Competition and Effective Consumer Protection (N° 7472) was enacted on December 19, 1994 (LPCDEC). Its chief objective is to promote and protect the process of unrestricted competition, as well as consumer rights and interests, by preventing and prohibiting monopolies, monopolistic practices and other restrictions on efficient market operation and eliminating unnecessary regulations governing economic activities.

To implement antimonopoly standards the Law created the Commission to Promote Competition (CPC), which began operating in January 1996. The purpose of this study is precisely to appraise the work of these ten years of CPC, with the aim of assessing the experiences, challenges and certain lessons that could serve other countries of the region. In this regard, the context in which Costa Rican regulation came about is similar to that of other countries. The latter are characterized by being small economies, with scarce resources and with a scant culture of competition. Nevertheless, within this reality significant progress has been made which could serve as a reference point for these nations.

Keywords

Minimum Wage Economic Agent Competition Policy Competition Authority Relevant Market 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (1995a), Artículo cuarto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 09–95 del 28 de noviembre de 1995, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  2. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (1995b), Artículo quinto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 09–95 del 28 de noviembre de 1995, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  3. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (1996a), Artículo cuarto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 39–96 del 19 de noviembre de 1996, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  4. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (1996b), Resolución de las 19:00 horas del 15 de octubre de 1996, File 05–96, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  5. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (1999), Artículo quinto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 09–99 del 15 de junio de 1999, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  6. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2000), Artículo sexto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 32–00 del 12 de septiembre de 2000, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  7. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2001a), Artículo tercero del acta de la sesión ordinaria 14–01 del 2 de mayo del 2001, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  8. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2001b), Artículo noveno del acta de la sesión ordinaria 39–01 del 13 de noviembre del 2001, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  9. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2002a), Seminar: El rol de la política de competencia en la protección del consumidor y en el fortalecimiento de la competitividad de las pequeñas y medianas empresas, Boletín de Competencia, year 5, N° 51, San Jose, Costa Rica, September.Google Scholar
  10. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2002b), Artículo quinto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 32–02 del 05 de noviembre del 2002, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  11. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2002c), Seminar: El rol de la política de competencia en la protección del consumidor y en el fortalecimiento de la competitividad de las pequeñas y mediana empresas, Boletín de Competencia, año 5, N° 51, San José, Costa Rica, septiembre.Google Scholar
  12. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2003), Artículo quinto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 37–03 del 02 de diciembre del 2003, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  13. Comisión para Promover la Competencia (CPC) (2005), Artículo sexto del acta de la sesión ordinaria 19–04 del 25 de mayo del 2005, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  14. Conrath, C. (1995), Practical Handbook of Antimonopoly Law Enforcement for an Economy in Transition, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  15. Curiel, C. L. (2000), Diseño de un modelo de abogacía de la competencia en el contexto de la implantación de las políticas de competencia en América Latina, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), New Cork and Geneva.Google Scholar
  16. General Law for Public Administration N° 6227 (General de la Administración Pública, N° 6227) (1978), May 2, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  17. Goyder, D. (2000/2001), Merger Regulation, online course, Graduate diploma: EC Competition Law, Module 6, King’s College, UK.Google Scholar
  18. Grupo de Asesores Económicos para la Política de la Competencia (EAGCP) (2005), An economic approach to Article 82. [online] (http://www.shh.fi/ stenback/eagcp _82_2005_july_21.pdf).
  19. International Competition Network (ICN) (2002), Recommended Practices for Merger Notification Procedures, September. [online] (http://www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org/media/library/conference_1st_naples_2002/speech_gdz.pdf).
  20. International Competition Network (ICN) (2005a), Defining Hard Core Cartel Conduct. Effective Institutions. Effective Penalties. Bonn, Germany, June. [online] (http://www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org/media/library/conference_4th_bonn_2005/Effective_Anti-Cartel_Regimes_Building_Blocks.pdf).
  21. International Competition Network (ICN) (2005b), ICN Investigative Techniques Handbook for Merger Review. [online] (http://www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org/media/library/conference_4th_bonn_2005/Investigative_Techniques_Handbook.pdf).
  22. International Competition Network (ICN) (2006), Enforcement Techniques. International Competition Network. Anti-Cartel Enforcement Manual, ICN, April. [online] (http://www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org/media/library/conference_5th_capetown_2006/DigitalEvidenceGathering.pdf).
  23. Law for Cooperative Association N° 5185 (Ley de Asociaciones Cooperativas N° 5185) (1982), February 1973, modified by the law N° 6756, May 7, 1982 and its reforms, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  24. Law for the creation of the National Rice Corporation N° 8285 (Ley para la creación de la Corporación Arrocera Nacional N° 8285 N° 8285) (2002), Costa Rica, May 30.Google Scholar
  25. Law of the Regulatory Authority of Public Services N° 7593 (Ley de la Autoridad Reguladora de los Servicios Públicos N° 7593) (1996), August 9, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  26. Law to Promote Competition and the Effective Defense of the Consumer N° 7472 (Ley de Promoción de Competencia y Defensa Efectiva del Consumidor N° 7472) (1994), December 19, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  27. Law for the Protection of Workers N° 7983 (Ley de Protección al Trabajador N° 7983) (2001), August 20, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  28. López, R. (1995), La Ley Federal de Competencia Económica y algunas consideraciones desde la perspectiva del derecho internacional, Revista Jurídica, N° 2, Anuario del Departamento de Derecho, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico.Google Scholar
  29. OECD (1996), Abuse of Dominant Position and Monopolization [online] (http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/0/61/2379408.pdf).
  30. OECD (1998), “Recommendations of the Council concerning effective action against hard core cartels” (http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/39/4/2350130.pdf).
  31. OECD (2001), Report on Leniency Programs to Fight Hard Core Cartels [online] (http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/49/16/2474442.pdf).
  32. Organic Law of Sugar Cane Agriculture and Industry N° 7818 (Ley Orgánica de la Agricultura e Industria de la Caña, N° 7818) (1998), September 2, Costa Rica.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© United Nations 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela Sittenfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.National Council for the Supervision of the Financial SystemPortugal

Personalised recommendations