Meteoroid Stream Searching: The Use of the Vectorial Elements

  • Tadeusz J. JopekEmail author
  • Regina Rudawska
  • Przemysław Bartczak
Chapter 1: Meteor Shower Activity, Forecasting, Dust Orbits


In this initial study, we propose a new distance function D V involving heliocentric vectorial orbital elements. The function measures differences between: the orbital energies, the angular momentums vectors and the Laplace vectors. In comparison with the widely used D SH criterion of Southworth and Hawkins, D D criterion of Drummond and their hybrid D H by Jopek, the new function contains one invariant with respect to the principal secular perturbation: the orbital energy. The new function proved to be useful in the classification amongst the IAU2003 meteoroids which we searched for streams by D V function and also using D SH and D N -function given by Valsecchi et al. For major streams, the results agree very well. For minor, and near-ecliptical streams the results sometimes differ markedly.


Meteoroids Meteoroid streams Methods: data analysis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. D.J. Asher, S.V.M. Clube, D.I. Steel, Asteroids in the Turid complex. MNRAS 264, 93 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. S. Breiter, R. Ratajczak, Vectorial elements for the Galactic disc tide effects in cometary motion. MNRAS 364, 1222 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. J.D. Drummond, On the meteor/comet orbital discriminant D, in Procceedings Southwest Regional Conference on Astronomy Astrophysics, vol. 5, Little Rock Arkansas, ed. by P.F.Gott, P.S. Riherd, pp. 83–86 (1979)Google Scholar
  4. J.D. Drummond, Earth-orbit-approaching comets and their theoretical meteor radiants. Icarus 47, 500–517 (1981)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. T.J. Jopek, Remarks on the meteor orbital similarity D-criterion. Icarus. 106, 603–607 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. T.J. Jopek, Cl. Froeschlé, A stream search among 502 TV meteor orbits. An objective approach. Astron. Astrophys. 320, 631–641 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. T.J. Jopek, G.B. Valsecchi, Cl. Froeschlé, Meteoroid stream identification: a new approach-II. Application to 865 photographic meteor orbits. MNRAS 304, 751–758 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. T.J. Jopek, G.B. Valsecchi, Cl. Froeschlé, Meteoroid stream identification: a new approach-III. The limitation of statistics. MNRAS 344, 665–672 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. B.A. Lindblad, L. Neslušan, V. Porubčan, J. Svoreň, IAU meteor data center, photographic database, version 2003. Earth Moon Planets 93, 249–260 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. L. Neslušan, A sketch of an orbital-momentum-based criterion of diversity of two keplerian orbits. in Proceedings of the US/European Cellestial Mechanics Workshop. Poznañ, Poland, July 3–7, 2000, pp. 365–366 (2001)Google Scholar
  11. E.J. Öpik, Interplanetary Encounters (Elsevier, New York, 1976)Google Scholar
  12. V. Porubčan, Dispersion of orbital elements within the Perseid meteor stream. Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech. 28, 257–266 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. R.B. Southworth, G.S. Hawkins, Statistics of meteor streams Smithson. Contr. Astrophys. 7, 261–285 (1963)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. D.I. Steel, D.J. Asher, S.V.M. Clube, The structure and evolution of the Taurid complex. MNRAS 251, 632–648 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. G.B. Valsecchi, T.J. Jopek, Cl. Froeschlé, Meteoroid stream identification: a new approach-I. Theory. MNRAS 304, 743–750 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. I.P. Williams, Z. Wu, The Geminid meteor stream and asteroid 3200 Phaethon. MNRAS 262, 231–248 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. I.P. Williams, Z. Wu, The current Perseid meteor shower. MNRAS 269, 524–528 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadeusz J. Jopek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Regina Rudawska
    • 1
  • Przemysław Bartczak
    • 1
  1. 1.Obserwatorium Astronomiczne UAMPoznanPoland

Personalised recommendations