The Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Pain

  • Catherine M. Stoney
  • Dawn Wallerstedt
  • Jamie M. Stagl
  • Patrick Mansky

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) refers to those medical and health care practices, modalities, products, and treatments which are not integrated into conventional medicine in the United States. CAM practices and modalities which are used in conjunction with conventional medical care are considered to be complementary, while those practices and modalities used in place of conventional medicine are considered to be alternative. In both cases, data regarding safety and efficacy are generally not fully available.

Among the 27 institutes and centers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). NCCAM is responsible for sponsoring intramural and extramural research on various CAM modalities for a variety of conditions and populations.

NCCAM defines CAM as those practices falling into four discrete domains or areas of interest.

Biologically active products and practicesrefer to the use of herbs, foods, and...


Pain Condition Massage Therapy Sham Acupuncture Sham Acupuncture Group Postoperative Dental Pain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine M. Stoney
    • 1
  • Dawn Wallerstedt
  • Jamie M. Stagl
  • Patrick Mansky
  1. 1.National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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