Phantom Pain

  • Jan H. B. Geertzen
  • Pieter U. Dijkstra


Amputation of a limb may be required in the case of critical ischemia, a life-threatening condition of a limb (cancer or diabetes), severe tissue damage due to a trauma, or severe untreatable longstanding infection. Although amputation may be beneficial from a medical point of view, the loss of a limb can have a considerable psychological affect on the patient (e.g. grieving, stress, coping problems) (Geertzen & Rietman, 2008). The process of grief post-amputation is similar to the grieving process after the loss of a spouse, or significant other. Emotions such as shock, fear, depression, denial, guilt, shame and anger may also develop after the amputation (Geertzen & Rietman, 2008). Amputees may also go through a coping process where denial can modulate this process. An amputation may have also an adverse impact on the patient’s health related quality of life (Schans van der, Geertzen, Schoppen & Dijkstra, 2002). Other negative sequelae include limitations in walking...


Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Salmon Calcitonin Limb Amputee Phantom Limb 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Rehabilitation, Northern Center for Health Care ResearchUniversity Medical Center Groningen, University of GroningenThe Netherlands

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