A Systematic Review of Evidence-Based Behavioral Interventions for African American Youth at Risk for HIV/STI Infection, 1988–2007
In the United States, African American youth are disproportionally affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). An estimated 1.2 million people are living with HIV/AIDS (Glynn & Rhodes, 2005). Data from 33 states in the United States with confidential name-based reporting show that in 2006 African Americans of all ages represented 49% of HIV/AIDS diagnosis, although African Americans accounted for only 13% of the U.S. population (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2008b). During this same period, although adolescents aged 13–19 represented 16% of the U.S. population, African American youth accounted for 69% of reported AIDS cases. The primary mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS among African American adolescents aged 13–19 is male-to-male sexual contact for males (60%) and high-risk heterosexual contact for females (59%; CDC, 2008c). Also, in 2006, a larger proportion of STIs (e.g., gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and syphilis) were transmitted among African Americans than among other racial/ethnic groups (CDC, 2008b).
KeywordsHuman Immunodeficiency Virus Risky Sexual Behavior African American Youth African American Adolescent Hispanic Student
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