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Childhood Sexual Abuse, African American Women, and HIV Risk

  • Lekeisha A. Sumner
  • Gail E. Wyatt
  • Dorie Glover
  • Jennifer V. Carmona
  • Tamra B. Loeb
  • Tina B. Henderson
  • Dorothy Chin
  • Rotrease S. Regan
Chapter

Abstract

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is defined as unwanted or coerced sexual contact prior to the age of 18 (Wyatt, 1985; Wyatt, Newcomb, & Riederle, 1995). Once thought to rarely occur, conservative estimates suggest that at least 20% of women and 5–10% of men worldwide report being sexually abuse as children (World Health Organization, 2002). Within the United States, the prevalence of CSA among women is approximately 33% (Briere & Elliott, 1993; Loeb et al., 2002a; Wyatt, Guthrie, & Notgrass, 1992). A large body of epidemiological evidence suggests that the impact of childhood sexual abuse is varied and wide-reaching. Further, a history of childhood sexual abuse is linked to increased risks for psychosocial, behavioral, and physical health problems, including HIV (Chin, Wyatt, Carmona, Loeb, & Myers, 2004).

Keywords

Intimate Partner Violence Sexual Abuse African American Woman Childhood Sexual Abuse Ptsd Symptom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Preparation of this chapter was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (H059496-0451 and MH073453-01A1), the UCLA AIDS Institute (A128697), National Institute on Drug Abuse, (DA 01070-31), and National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA 01070-34). The first author was supported by a UCLA Psychobiology Fellowship (NIMH grant T32 MH17140) and The Pittsburgh Mind-Body Center (PMBC; NIH grant HL076852/076858). The authors acknowledge Micha Dalton and Tanishia Wright for their assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lekeisha A. Sumner
    • 1
  • Gail E. Wyatt
  • Dorie Glover
  • Jennifer V. Carmona
  • Tamra B. Loeb
  • Tina B. Henderson
  • Dorothy Chin
  • Rotrease S. Regan
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral SciencesUCLALos AngelesUSA

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