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HIV Prevention Interventions for African American Injection Drug Users

  • David W. Purcell
  • Yuko Mizuno
  • Cynthia M. Lyles
Chapter

Abstract

Injection drug use has been a major risk factor for transmission of HIV in the United States since the beginning of the HIV epidemic (Des Jarlais & Semaan, 2008) and is a major risk factor for African Americans. While the proportion of injection drug users (IDUs) among HIV-positive persons has decreased over time, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that, at the end of 2007, IDUs accounted for 23% of existing AIDS cases in the United States (30% if men who have sex with men (MSM) and inject drugs are included) (CDC, 2009). By gender, 35% of overall AIDS cases among women and 20% among men are attributed to drug injection (29% among men if MSM/IDUs are included) (CDC, 2009). African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS – in 2006 African American accounted for approximately 12% of the population and 46% of the persons estimated to be living with HIV (CDC, 2008). When looking at the percent of reported AIDS cases attributed to injection drug use within race and gender, it is much higher among African American men (29%) than among white, non Hispanics men (9%) while the percent of AIDS cases attributed to IDUs is similarly high for African American women (33%) and white women (40%) and also is similar among MSM/IDUs for African American men (8%) and white men (9%) (CDC, 2009). For both African American men and women, IDU is the second leading transmission risk category (CDC, 2009).

Keywords

Sexual Risk African American Woman Sexual Risk Behavior Injection Risk Replicate Effective Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Purcell
    • 1
  • Yuko Mizuno
  • Cynthia M. Lyles
  1. 1.Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease ControlAtlantaUSA

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