Formulating the Stress and Severity Model of Minority Social Stress for Black Men Who Have Sex with Men

  • Kenneth Terrill Jones
  • Leo Wilton
  • Gregorio Millett
  • Wayne D. Johnson


Despite drastic declines in HIV in the United States (US) (Holtgrave, Hall, Rhodes, & Wolitski, 2008), communities of color and men who have sex with men (MSM) are still disproportionately infected. Nationally, MSM comprise 48% of people living with HIV (CDC, 2008a For MSM of all age groups, 35% of new infections were in black MSM (CDC, 2008b). Epidemiological studies of MSM demonstrate that rates of HIV infection have been greater for black MSM as compared with other racial or ethnic groups of MSM (Harawa et al., 2004; Lemp et al., 1994; Mansergh et al., 2002; CDC, 2001). In fact, between 2001 and 2004, black MSM were the only subgroup of blacks for whom new HIV diagnoses actually increased rather than decreased (CDC, 2005a). HIV seroprevalence rates of black MSM in the US have been shown analogous to those in some resource-limited countries (CDC, 2002; CDC, 2005b).


Black Community Racial Socialization Unprotected Receptive Anal Intercourse Conspiracy Belief Sexual Socialization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The findings and conclusions in this manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The authors sincerely thank Drs. Pilgrim Spikes and Leigh Willis and Mr. Kevin T. Jones for their support and critical review of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Terrill Jones
    • 1
  • Leo Wilton
  • Gregorio Millett
  • Wayne D. Johnson
  1. 1.Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

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