The Role of Government in Providing Health Care to the Uninsured
Nearly every developed country takes responsibility for critical public health matters such as sanitation and control of infectious diseases. In addition, most western countries also assume responsibility for ensuring that all its residents have access to health care. Unfortunately, the United States is not one of the nations that ensures access to health care to all its citizens.
There are two basic methods for a nation to ensure access to health care. The government may establish a national health service (NHS) to directly provide health services as in the United Kingdom, Spain, and Scandinavian countries. The other method is to ensure that all its citizens have health insurance by either providing health insurance, as in Canada, or requiring all its citizens to obtain health insurance, as in Germany, France, Switzerland, Taiwan and other countries.
KeywordsHealth Insurance National Health Service National Health Insurance Private Health Insurance Sickness Fund
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