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Information Technology and Medically Uninsured

  • Theresa Cullen
Chapter

Abstract

The uninsured are an invisible face in America. Their health care needs are great and are met by a patchwork of venues scattered throughout their communities. Access to health information technology may appear to be unnecessary, given the overwhelming needs of individual patients. In fact, health information technology (HIT) represents one possible way to increase quality care to this patient population.

HIT is in a unique role to help the uninsured improve their health care outcomes. HIT is used as an enabler to assist in improving access to care as well as the elimination of health inequities. HIT can be designed to increase quality and contribute to cost containment in defined populations, such as the uninsured.

HIT systems have been traditionally developed to capture billing and administrative costs and workload data. The current HIT systems, while secondarily designed to improve outcomes, are primarily driven by these revenue generation concerns. Since the uninsured may lack access to routine care, these HIT systems were not originally designed to address the issues that may confront this population – issues that may not be easily captured by standard code sets and that do not contribute to billing. Since the traditional EHR (electronic health record) is usually driven by practice management outcomes, including increased revenue and charge capture with a focus on the delivery of care that can be captured by standard code sets such as Evaluation/Management, ICD 9, V, and CPT codes, there may not be any connection between the available EHR systems and the needs of the uninsured. Since the uninsured primarily reflect a patient population with decreased access to care due to fiscal reasons, systems that are designed to increase charges may not be supportive of the interventions needed in these populations.

Keywords

Electronic Health Record Health Information Technology Health Inequity Personal Health Record Health Information Exchange 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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Additional Resources

  1. http://www.hhs.gov/healthit/onc/mission/ Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology
  2. http://www.hhs.gov/healthit/ Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology Health IT initiatives
  3. http://www.hhs.gov/healthit/healthnetwork/background Nationwide Health Information Network
  4. http://www.cdc.gov/PHIN Public Health Information Network/ Center for Disease Control
  5. http://www.myhealth.va.gov/ my health eVet at the Veterans Health administration
  6. Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research http://www.ahrq.gov
  7. Health Systems and Research Administration http://www.hrsa.gov

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theresa Cullen
    • 1
  1. 1.Office of Information Technology for Indian Health Service (IHS)WashingtonUSA

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