Innovations in Preventing and Treating Obesity in Children and Adolescents: The Role of Physical Activity Interventions
Over the past two decades, the prevalence of overweight and obesity have increased dramatically in US youth (Freedman, Khan, Serdula, Oden, & Dietz, 2006; Ogden et al., 2006). In 2003–2004, 17.1% of US children and adolescents were overweight or obese with an increase in prevalence rate of 13.8% in females and 14.0% in males from 1999 to 2004 (Ogden et al., 2006). It has also been suggested that this increasing rate of obesity has also been associated with an increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and certain cancers (Cook, Weitzman, Auinger, Nguyen, & Dietz, 2003; Hanevold, Waller, Daniels, Portman, & Sorof, 2005; Must & Strauss, 1999; Wabitsch, 2000). Thus, obesity prevention and intervention programs are needed to decrease this increasing rate of obesity in youth.
Physical inactivity and unhealthy diet have been shown to be linked to serious public health problems such as obesity, chronic disease, morbidity, and...
KeywordsPhysical Activity Sedentary Behavior Obesity Prevention Physical Activity Intervention American Dietetic Association
This article was support by a grant (R01 HD 045693) funded by the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development to Dawn K. Wilson, Ph.D. Send reprint requests to Dawn K. Wilson, Ph.D., professor, Department of Psychology, Barnwell College, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208; email address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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