Advertisement

Bariatric Surgery

  • John C. Linton
  • Robert B. Shin
Chapter

Obesity is a costly international public health problem, due to the serious medical co-morbidities associated with it and the financial commitment required for its treatment. Obesity in the United States is increasing at an alarming rate. More than half of the US population is overweight, and of them, half are considered obese. The most common quantification of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), which is the measure of an individual’s weight in relation to height and is expressed as the person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. The World Health Organization classifies obesity into three categories: Class I (BMI 30–35), Class II (BMI 35–40), and Class III (BMI>40).

From 1986 to 2000 the number of obese adults in the United States doubled, and the number of extremely obese quadrupled (Sturm, 2003). About a half to two-thirds of Americans are considered either overweight (BMI 25–30) or obese (BMI of 30 or higher). As of 2005, about 15 million...

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Bariatric Surgery Gastric Bypass Gastric Banding Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ali, M.R., Fuller, W.D., Choi, M.P., & Wolfe, B. M. (2005). Bariatric surgical outcomes. Surgical Clinics of North America, 85, 835–852.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Brethauer, S., Chand, B., & Schauer, P.R. (2006). Risks and benefits of bariatric surgery: Current evidence. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, 73 (11), 993–1007.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Buchwald, H., & Buchwald, J. (2002). Evolution of operative procedures for the management of morbid obesity 1950–2000. Obesity Surgery, 12, 705–717.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Buchwald, H., Avidor, Y., & Braunwald, E. (2004), Bariatric surgery: As systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA, 292, 14, 1724–1737.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Kolotkin, R.L., Binks, M., Crosby, R.D., Ostbye, T., Gress, R.E., & Adams, T.D. (2006). Obesity and sexual quality of life. Obesity, 14, 3, 472–479.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Lowry, K.W., Sallinen, B.J., & Janicke, D.M. (2007). The effects of weight management programs on self-esteem in pediatric overweight populations. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32, 1179–1193.Google Scholar
  7. Pi-Sunyer, F.X. (1993). Medical hazards of obesity. Annals of Internal Medicine, 119, 655–60.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Powell, L.H., Calvin, J.E., & Calvin, J.E. Jr. (2007). Effective obesity treatments. American Psychologist, 62 (3), 234–246.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Puzziferri, N. (2005). Psychologic issues in bariatric surgery-the surgeon’s perspective. Surgical Clinics of North America, 85, 741–755.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Safadi, B.Y. (2005). Trends in insurance coverage for bariatric surgery and the impact of evidence based reviews. Surgical Clinics of North America, 85, 665–680.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Scopinaro, N. (1991). Why the operation I prefer is biliopancreatic diversion. Obesity Surgery, 1, September, 307–309.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Sjostrom, C.D. (1999). Reduction in incidence of diabetes, hypertension and lipid disturbances after intentional weight loss induced by bariatric surgery: The SOS intervention study. Obesity Research, 7 (5), 477–84.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Sturm, R. (2003). Increases in clinically severe obesity n the United States. Archives of Internal Medicine, 163, 2146–48.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Torquati, A., Lutfi, R.E., & Richards, W.O. (2007). Predictors of early quality of life improvement after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The American Journal of Surgery, 193, 471–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wadden, T.A., & Sarwer, D.B. (2006). Behavioral assessment of candidates for bariatric surgery: A patient centered approach. Obesity, 14 (Suppl), March, 53–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Linton
    • 1
  • Robert B. Shin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral Medicine & PsychiatryWest Virginia University School of MedicineCharlestonUSA

Personalised recommendations