Summary and Implications of Findings

  • Robert M. Bray
  • Laurel L. Hourani
  • Jason Williams
  • Marian E. Lane
  • Mary Ellen Marsden


This chapter summarizes key findings and implications emerging from analyses presented in earlier chapters of this book that draw from the 1980 to 2008 Department of Defense (DoD) Surveys of Health Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel (HRB surveys). Following a brief background discussion, the chapter reviews analyses from the 2008 HRB survey of the correlates and predictors of substance abuse, physical health problems, and mental health problems among active duty military service members. This is followed by a discussion of how the health and behavioral health of our active duty service members jointly impact their productivity and readiness as shown by our model of productivity loss. It then considers study limitations, examines programmatic approaches of the military to address challenges of service members, and describes significant issues requiring further research.


Mental Health Problem Illicit Drug Generalize Anxiety Disorder Productivity Loss Binge Drinking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert M. Bray
    • 1
  • Laurel L. Hourani
    • 1
  • Jason Williams
    • 1
  • Marian E. Lane
    • 1
  • Mary Ellen Marsden
    • 1
  1. 1.RTI InternationalResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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