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Computer-Based Applications in the Management of Asthma

  • Ross Shegog
  • Marianna M. Sockrider
Chapter

Abstract

Asthma has emerged as a significant chronic disease affecting an estimated 300 million people worldwide (Masoli et al. 2004), including over 20 million people in the United States. Poor asthma control results in significant morbidity including lost work days for adults and school days for children (11.8 million and 14.7 million, respectively, in 2002), preventable mortality (estimated at 4,261 deaths per year), and also contributes substantially to the burden of health-care expenditures (estimated at a total cost of $16.1 billion in 2004) (Schiller and Bernadel 2004; NHLBI 2004). Prevalence of childhood asthma, as estimated in the 2007 National Health Information Survey, remains at historically high levels with 9.1% of children (6.7 million) estimated to have asthma (Akinbami et al. 2009). Controlling asthma is a public health challenge. Complicating this are reported discrepancies in how asthma is managed by health-care providers and patients. These discrepancies include under-estimation of disease severity by patients (Worstell 2000), under-treatment of symptoms by health-care providers (Wolfenden et al. 2003), low rates of outpatient follow-up after emergency room visits and hospitalizations (Smith et al. 2004; Cabana et al. 2003), and under-utilization of preventive measures such as influenza vaccination (Figaro and Belue 2005).

Keywords

Peak Flow Asthma Control Asthma Management Asthma Care Asthma Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Health Promotion & Prevention ResearchUT School of Public HealthHoustonUSA

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