The concept of transplantation may go back to the stories of chimeras including sphinxes and mermaids. According to a third-century legend of Saints Cosmas and Damian, these two brother physicians replaced the cancerous leg of a church sacristan using the limb of a dead Moor. It is suggested that about 2000 years ago, transplantation surgery was done for nose reconstruction by Vaidya, the Ayurvedic physicians. Gaspare Tagliacozzi in the late sixteenth century performed reconstructive rhinoplasty by using skin from the arms of the patients. The allografts of skin always failed and no further progress was reported until the twentieth century.
KeywordsBlood Group Acute Rejection Chronic Rejection Acute Cellular Rejection Human Leukocyte Antigen Typing
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