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Mechanical Ventilation

  • Peter Rock
  • Vadivelu Sivaraman

Abstract

Positive pressure mechanical ventilation was first introduced during the polio epidemic about 50 years ago and represents the most common form of life support in a modern intensive care unit (ICU).1 Management of the ventilated patient requires an understanding of how ventilators and the human respiratory system interact and what types of ventilators are available. In this chapter, we discuss the basics of mechanical ventilation, the most common modes of ventilation, the choice of ventilatory modalities in specific disease states, and the complications of mechanical ventilation.

Keywords

Mechanical Ventilation Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Tidal Volume Airway Pressure Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Rock
    • 1
  • Vadivelu Sivaraman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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