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Cell wall Biosynthetic Genes of Maize and their Potential for Bioenergy Production

  • Wilfred Vermerris

The maize cell wall is a complex composite of cellulose, hemicellulosic polysaccharides pectin, proteins, and lignin, and representative of the unique Type II cell wall architecture common among the Poales. The genetic control of cell wall biosynthesis in maize is being actively pursued, using a combination of comparative genomics, forward and reverse genetics, and expression profiling. This has revealed the existence of many multi-gene families with individual members that are differentially expressed. While the precise function of most of the individual genes is yet to be established, it is clear that the existence of multi-gene families enables the synthesis of cell walls that are tailored to the specific needs of individual tissues throughout the life of the plant. A better understanding of cell wall biosynthesis will be of great value for the development of dedicated bioenergy crops used for the production of cellulosic ethanol, especially if cell wall traits are combined with morphological variants with increased biomass production.

Keywords

Corn Stover Secondary Cell Wall Cinnamyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase Cell Wall Composition Cellulosic Ethanol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wilfred Vermerris
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Florida Genetics Institute and Agronomy departmentGainesville
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural & Biological Engineering and Laboratory of Renewable Resources EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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