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Phase Equilibria and Colligative Properties

  • Michael E. Starzak
Chapter

Abstract

The chemical potential of a system is zero at equilibrium. To maintain equilibrium, a change in T, for example, must be balanced by a change in P, to keep the net chemical potential change equal to zero. For two phases, the chemical potential of any component must be equal. A differential change 1 in phase 1 must be balanced by an equal change, 2, in phase 2. These one and two phase balance equations are used to develop a broad range of equations, the equations for colligative properties.

Keywords

Osmotic Pressure Partial Molar Volume Semipermeable Membrane Electrical Potential Difference Clapeyron Equation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryState University of New York BinghamtonBinghamtonUSA

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