International Patterns in Manufacturing Strategies

  • Ruth Alas
  • Tomas Eklund
  • Mikael Collan
  • Ants Kraus


This chapter explores and analyses patterns in international manufacturing strategies, based on data from the Fourth International Manufacturing Strategy Survey (IMSS), conducted in 2005. Based on a principal components analysis a selection of the thirty-one most important contributing variables from the IMSS dataset is made, and a self-organizing map (SOM) is used to cluster manufacturing companies according to their strategy, performance, manufacturing and supply-chain practices, and improvement programs. The clusters of companies and patterns of strategies are analyzed and discussed. Special attention is attached to differences between countries. The results reveal four groups (types) of companies: low supply-chain integration companies; integrated supply-chain companies; mass production, high tech companies; and production-oriented low tech companies.


Supply Chain Product Life Cycle Business Unit Enterprise Resource Planning Enterprise Resource Planning System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Academy of Finland (Domino, grant no. 104639).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth Alas
    • 1
  • Tomas Eklund
    • 2
  • Mikael Collan
    • 3
  • Ants Kraus
    • 3
  1. 1.Estonian Business SchoolEstonia
  2. 2.Institute for Advanced Management Systems ResearchÅbo Akademi UniversityFinland
  3. 3.Estonian Business SchoolEstonia

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