• J. Scott Tonigan
Part of the Recent Developments in Alcoholism book series (RDIA, volume 18)

AA Outcomes Overview

Is Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) effective and, if so, for who and under what circumstances? Both clinicians and researchers have voiced this question for some time, and recent economic trends have further heightened interest in determining the effectiveness of this relatively low-cost community-based intervention that is widely available and open to all interested persons. Recent investigations do suggest that AA participation has secondary cost benefits. Humphreys and Moos (2001), for example, reported that persons who initiated behavior change first by attending AA tended to have significantly lower health care-related expenses 3 years later (regardless of whether or not they subsequently sought formal treatment) and that twelve-step focused therapy was associated with 64% lower mental health care costs than cognitive behavioral therapies at 1-year follow-up. But is AA effective in reducing substance use?Authors in this section address this basic question, and...


Problem Drinker Chronic Disorder Secondary Measure Alcoholic Anonymous Lower Mental Health 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and AddictionsUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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