Advertisement

Introduction: The Twelve-Step Program Model of AA

  • Thomasina Borkman
Chapter
Part of the Recent Developments in Alcoholism book series (RDIA, volume 18)

Research on alcoholism treatment tends to operate from a conceptual prism of the professional treatment perspective which has become the gold standard of alcoholism treatment research, its terminology overwhelming other approaches. Senator Hughes, an anonymous AA member who in the early 1970s spearheaded the drive to form The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, would be surprised that the professional research on alcoholism treatment has become such a hegemonic perspective that alternative frameworks are usually invisible. The objectives of this section, illuminating those alternative frameworks, are (1) to present the history and describe the twelve-step program of Alcoholics Anonymous as a lay and non-professional spiritually based self-help/mutual aid organization and (2) to describe the impact of AA on professional treatment programs, non-professional “social model recovery programs,” and other twelve-step addiction self-help/mutual aid groups.

An alternative...

Keywords

Alcoholic Anonymous Professional Treatment Gambler Anonymous Motivational Enhancement Therapy Alcoholism Treatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Alcoholics Anonymous: The story of how many thousands of men and women have recovered (1976). New York: Works Publishing (Originally published in 1939).Google Scholar
  2. Bloomfield, K. (1994). Beyond sobriety: The cultural significance of Alcoholics Anonymous as a social movement. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 23(1) (Spring), 21–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Borkman, T. (1983). A social experiential model in programs for alcoholism recovery: A research report on a new treatment design (DHHS Publication No. ADM 83-1259). Rockville, MD: National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  4. Borkman, T. (2006). Sharing experience, conveying hope: Egalitarian relations as the essential method of Alcoholics Anonymous. Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 17(2) (Winter), 145–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Borkman, T., Kaskutas, L.,A., & Owens, P. (2007). Contrasting and converging philosophies of three models of alcohol/other drugs treatment: Minnesota model, social model, and addiction therapeutic communities. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 25(3), 21–38.Google Scholar
  6. Borkman, T., Kaskutas, L. A., & Barrows, D. C. (1996). The Social Model Program: A literature review and history. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.Google Scholar
  7. Humphreys, K. (2003). Alcoholics Anonymous and 12-Step alcoholism treatment programs. In M. Galanter (Ed.). Research on Alcoholism Treatment. Vol 16 of Recent Developments in Alcoholism (pp.149–164). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Jason, L., Ferrari, J., Davis, M., & Olson, B. (2006). Creating communities for addiction recovery. New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  9. Kurtz, E. (1988). A.A.: The Story. San Francisco: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  10. Kurtz, E. (1979). Not God: A History of Alcoholics Anonymous. Center City, Minn.: Hazelden.Google Scholar
  11. Kurtz, L. F. (1997). Self-help and support groups: A handbook for practitioners. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  12. Makela, K., Arminen, I., Bloomfield, K., Eisenbach-Stangl, I., Helmersson Bergmark, K., Kurube, N., Mariolini, N., Olafsdottir, H., Peterson, J. H., Phillips, M., Rehm, J., Room, R., Rosenqvist, P., Rosovsky, H., Stenius, K., Swiatkiewitz, G., Woronowicz, B., & Zielinski, A. (1996). Alcoholics Anonymous as a mutual help movement: A study in eight societies . Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  13. Miller, W. R. (2003). Spirituality, treatment and recovery. In M. Galanter (Ed.). Research on alcoholism treatment. Vol. 16 of Recent Developments in Alcoholism (pp.391–404). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Rappaport, J. (1993). Narrative studies, personal stories, and identity transformation in the mutual help context. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 29(2) (June), 239–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tonigan, J. S., Toscova, R. T., & Connors, G. J. (1999). Spirituality and the 12-step programs: A guide for clinicians. In W. R. Miller (Ed.), Integrating spirituality into treatment (pp. 111–131). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  16. White, W. (1998). Slaying the dragon: The history of addiction treatment and recovery in America. Bloomington, IL: Chestnut Health Systems.Google Scholar
  17. White, W. L. (2001). Pre-A.A. alcoholic mutual aid societies. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 19(2), 1–21.Google Scholar
  18. White, W. L. (2006). Let’s go make some history: Chronicles of the new addiction recovery advocacy movement. Washington, D.C.: Johnson Institute. Google Scholar
  19. White, B., & Madara, E. (1998). The self-help sourcebook: Your guide to community and online support groups(6th ed.). Denville NJ: American Self-Help Clearinghouse.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Thomasina Borkman · Professor of Sociology, EmeritaGeorge Mason UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations