Calcium Phosphate Coating Produced by a Sputter Deposition Process

  • Joo L. Ong
  • Yunzhi Yang
  • Sunho Oh
  • Mark Appleford
  • Weihui Chen
  • Yongeing Liu
  • Kyo-Han Kim
  • Sangwon Park
  • Jeol Bumgardner
  • Warren Haggard
  • C. Mauli Agrawal
  • David L. Carner
  • Namsik Oh


The properties of implant surfaces play critical roles in inducing a biological response. In the case of dental and orthopedic implants, deposition of calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings on these implant surfaces are often employed as means of enhancing implant osseointegration with the bone. Although most implants are coated using a plasma spraying process, sputtering is currently being accepted by some implant vendors as one of the means for depositing thin CaP coatings on dental and orthopedic implants. Acceptance of the sputtering technology and recent research are indications that the sputtering process is promising and has potential for eliminating some of the problems associated with the plasma-spraying process. This chapter discusses some of the various modes of sputtering, properties of thin CaP coatings, and the biological responses to these coatings in vitro and in vivo. The limitations and strengths of the sputtering process are also addressed.


Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Pullout Strength Pullout Force Orthopedic Implant Tricalcium Phosphate 



Part of the study presented in this chapter was funded by grants from the National Institute of Health (grants 1RO1AR46581 and 1S10RR016879-01).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joo L. Ong
    • 1
  • Yunzhi Yang
  • Sunho Oh
  • Mark Appleford
  • Weihui Chen
  • Yongeing Liu
  • Kyo-Han Kim
  • Sangwon Park
  • Jeol Bumgardner
  • Warren Haggard
  • C. Mauli Agrawal
  • David L. Carner
  • Namsik Oh
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA CircleSan AntonioUSA

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