Characterization of Thin Calcium Phosphate Coating

  • Bas Feddes
  • Pio González
  • Julia Serra
  • Juan Pou
  • Stefano Chiussi
  • Joop G. C. Wolke
  • Christian Jäger


For the development and improvement of thin calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings, a thorough understanding of the compositional, structural, and mechanical aspects of the coatings is required. This chapter reports on the basic principles of the techniques and how to apply them for the characterization of (thin) CaP coatings. The advantages and limitations of the techniques are described; and at least one example of how the technique can be used to investigate CaP coatings is provided. The techniques include (1) those that are photon-based: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction; (2) microscopy techniques: scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy; (3) ion beam techniques: Rutherford back-scattering spectrometry, elastic recoil detection; (4) nuclear magnetic resonance; and (5) several mechanical characterization techniques.


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrum Simulated Body Fluid Target Atom Scratch Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank the following persons for helpful comments and useful discussions: Frank Malz, Sergey Maltsev, Mario Fichera, Edwin van der Wal, Eugenio Solla, Lourdes Rial, and Antonio Riveiro.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bas Feddes
    • 1
  • Pio González
  • Julia Serra
  • Juan Pou
  • Stefano Chiussi
  • Joop G. C. Wolke
  • Christian Jäger
  1. 1.Philips ResearchEindhovenThe Netherlands

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