• Daniel C. O’Connell
  • Sabine Kowal
Part of the Cognition and Language: A Series in Psycholinguistics book series (CALS)

Chapter Prospectus

Chapter 21, Open-endedness, emphasizes that spontaneous spoken discourse exists in an open, creative, learning, and didactic setting. The openness involved is not only the absence of ritualistic or written-text determination, but a readiness to listen to an interlocutor who co-determines the forward movement of dialogue in time. Accordingly, neither is open-endedness some kind of narcissistic readiness to await whatever may occur to me. It always moves forward in real time to a new focus point, and the direction and pace of this movement are essentially unpredictable. Open-endedness is closely related to intersubjectivity; and just as with intersubjectivity, the absence of open-endedness terminates genuine spontaneous spoken discourse. Reading aloud allows no open-endedness as to words, although expressive readers often introduce minor verbal changes. Readers are also free to exercise open-endedness as regards prosody and other nonverbal expressions. But a...


Empirical Methodology Human Spirit Dialogical Interaction Rich Sense Psychological Engagement 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel C. O’Connell
    • 1
  • Sabine Kowal
    • 2
  1. 1.Georgetown UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Technische Universität Institut für Sprache und KommunikationGermany

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