Discussion and Conclusion

  • Angela Middleton
Part of the Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology book series (CGHA)

The archeology and history of the Te Puna mission clearly demonstrates the nature of the early CMS missions in New Zealand. Te Puna was typical of mission stations in the Bay of Islands in the first half of the nineteenth century: a simple house lived in by the missionary, his wife, and their family, along with a small number of children from the nearby pa. In this way the missionary and his wife presented the model of the ideal monogamous Christian family, the foundation of civilization, to the “heathen,” essential to the converting, civilizing, and eventually, colonizing processes. The “rituals of domesticity” (McClintock 1995: 35) of the mission station are shown in both the archeological assemblage and the archival material. The journals and reports that John King sent back to the CMS in London detail his battles against the “Prince of Darkness,” who appeared in the various cultural practices and beliefs of Maori. Success was demonstrated when these practices changed and died out,...


Material Culture Mission Station Trojan Horse Archeological Assemblage Pastoral Farming 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Middleton
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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