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Oil Crops pp 287-315 | Cite as

Peanut

  • Barry L. Tillman
  • H. Thomas Stalker
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)

Introduction

Peanut is one of the world’s major sources of vegetable oil. According to United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) databases, peanut is fifth worldwide in vegetable oil production among nine major oilseed crops (http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdHome.aspx). Although peanut is widely viewed as an oilseed crop, utilization of peanuts varies greatly from country to country. In some countries, the majority of production is crushed for oil, whereas in others such as the United States (US), peanuts are used primarily for food.

Peanut is grown on every continent, but the majority of production occurs in Asia, Africa, South America, and North America. During the five-year period 1996–2000, China, India, and the United States accounted for almost 70% of the total annual peanut production globally (Rovoredo and Fletcher 2002). By country, China accounted for about 39%, India about 25% and the US about 6% of total production. Average pod yield ranged from 0.43 t/ha in...

Keywords

Leaf Spot Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Peanut Seed Market Type Peanut Cultivar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agronomy DepartmentUniversity of Florida, North Florida RECMariannaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Crop ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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