Oil Crops pp 257-285 | Cite as


  • Steve Hague
  • Lori Hinze
  • James Frelichowski
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)


In the 19th century, uses emerged for cottonseed left over from ginning harvested cotton (Altschul et al. 1958). Oil from cottonseed was determined to be useful in a range of food products, and cotton is now considered second only to soybean in the value of its oil products. Seed of the cotton plant (Gossypium spp.) generally has an oil content of around 21% and protein content near 23%. The fatty acid profile of cottonseed includes about 55% polyunsaturated fatty acids, 18% monounsaturated fatty acids, and 27% saturated fatty acids (Lukonge et al. 2007; National Cottonseed Products Association 2007). Use of cottonseed has been hampered because it contains gossypol, which is a toxic compound. Nevertheless, ruminant animals can digest gossypol in limited quantities, and it can be removed during oil crushing processes. Cottonseed oil has good stability as cooking oil and can withstand high temperatures without deterioration. Because of the stability of cottonseed oil,...


Cotton Fiber Bacterial Blight Fiber Quality Upland Cotton Cotton Cultivar 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Soil and Crop SciencesTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Crop Germplasm Research UnitUSDA-ARS-SPARCUSA

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