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Oil Crops pp 155-232 | Cite as

Sunflower

  • José M. Fernández-Martínez
  • Begoña Pérez-Vich
  • Leonardo Velasco
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)

Introduction

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) oil is the fourth most important vegetable oil in world trade at present with an annual production of around 9 million tonnes and a cultivated acreage of over 22 million hectares, mainly concentrated in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, India, and Argentina, which totalize more than 50% of sunflower world acreage. Although of North American origin, where it was domesticated by the Native American Indians for its edible seeds (Heiser et al. 1969), the transformation of sunflower into a major oilseed crop only took place in the second half of the 20th century due to two major breeding achievements: the drastic increase of oil percentage in sunflower achenes achieved in the Former Soviet Union from 1920 to 1960 (Gundaev 1971), and the development of a cytoplasmic male sterility system (Leclercq 1969) combined with fertility restoration by nuclear genes (Kinman 1970) that enabled the commercial production of hybrid seed. The subsequent...

Keywords

Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Downy Mildew Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Marker Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Marker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • José M. Fernández-Martínez
    • 1
  • Begoña Pérez-Vich
    • 1
  • Leonardo Velasco
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (CSIC)ApartadoSpain

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