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Oil Crops pp 127-153 | Cite as

Other Brassicas

  • Leonardo Velasco
  • José M. Fernández-Martínez
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)

Introduction

The genus Brassica is one of the most important genera contributing to agriculture. It includes a total of 41 species, six of them of economic importance: B. juncea (L.) Czern., B. napus L., B. nigra (L.) Koch, B. oleracea L., and B. rapa L., worldwide distributed, and B. carinata A. Braun, restricted to Ethiopia and surrounding countries. Other species have been cultivated in the past, are nowadays cultivated on a small scale, and/or wild types are locally used (Gladis 1989). The genus encompasses very diverse types of plants, grown as vegetables, fodder, and sources of oils and condiments (Prakash and Hinata 1980).

Vegetable oil from Brassica spp. represents nowadays the third source of vegetable oil in the world market. Most of the oil is obtained from double-zero or canola cultivars, which produce seed oils with less than 2% erucic acid and seed meals with less than 30 μmol of aliphatic glucosinolates per gram of oil free meal (Downey and Rakow 1987). Double-zero...

Keywords

Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Erucic Acid Glucosinolate Content Vernalization Requirement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Velasco
    • 1
  • José M. Fernández-Martínez
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (CSIC)ApartadoSpain

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