Oil Crops pp 507-516 | Cite as

New Crops Breeding: Lesquerella

  • David Dierig
  • Dennis T. Ray
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)


Lesquerella species contain a seed oil which is approximately 55% lesquerolic acid, a 20-carbon long fatty acid with a single hydroxyl group and double bond, and has a similar hydroxy fatty acid (HFA) profile as castor oil. Large markets exist for hydroxylated oils as feedstocks for lithium greases, polymers in paints and coatings, base stocks for lubricants, nylon-11, hydraulic fluids, and applications in the personal care industry (Roetheli et al. 1992). The hydroxyl group of these oils makes them prime candidates as additives to diesel fuel to improve lubricity (Naughton 1992). Goodrum and Geller (2005) demonstrated that lesquerella oil has superior performance compared to castor, soybean, and rapeseed methyl esters at concentrations as low as 0.25% in reducing wear and damage to diesel engines, primarily with fuel injection systems. Castor oil also contains high amounts of HFAs, but the main HFA, ricinoleic acid, is two carbons shorter than lesquerolic acid, which...


Seed Yield Hydroxy Fatty Acid Ethyl Methane Sulfonate Yellow Seed Ethyl Methane Sulfonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA-ARS-Arid Lands Agricultural Research CenterMaricopaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant Sciences, Division of Horticultural and Crop SciencesUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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