Oil Crops pp 493-506 | Cite as

Maize for Oil

Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)


Inbred Line Recurrent Selection Heterotic Group Maize Kernel Maize Breeding 



The author would like to dedicate this chapter to John W. Dudley and Robert J. Lambert for their perseverance and commitment to seeing the Illinois High-Oil/Low-Oil long-term selection experiment through 100 generations of selection.


  1. Bauman LF, Conway TF, Watson SA (1963) Heritability of variations in oil content of individual corn kernels. Science 139:498–499.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergquist RR, Nubel DS, Thompson DL (1998) Production method for high-oil corn grain. United States Patent #5704160.Google Scholar
  3. Bergquist RR, Kaplan SL, Nubel DS, Foley TJ (1999) Pollinators for topcross® grain production. United States Patent #5922934.Google Scholar
  4. Bernardo R (2002) Breeding for quantitative traits in plants. Stemma Press, Woodbury, MN.Google Scholar
  5. Brown WL, Goodman MM (1977) Races of corn. In: Sprague GF (ed) Corn and corn improvement, Am Soc Agron, Madison, WI, pp. 49–88.Google Scholar
  6. Bruce AB (1910) The Mendelian theory of heredity and the augmentation of vigor. Science 32:627–628.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Brunner S, Fengler K, Morgante M, Tingey S, Rafalski A (2005) Evolution of DNA sequence nonhomologies among maize inbreds. Plant Cell 17:343–360.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Comstock RE, Robinson HF, Harvey PH (1949) A breeding procedure designed to make maximum use of both general and specific combining ability. J Am Soc Agron 41:360–367.Google Scholar
  9. Crow JF (1998) 90 years ago: the beginning of hybrid maize. Genetics 148:923–928.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Davenport CB (1908) Degeneration, albinism and inbreeding. Science 28:454–455.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. de la Roche IA, Alexander DE, Weber EJ (1971) Inheritance of oleic and linoleic acids in Zea mays L. Crop Sci 11:856–859.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dudley JW (2007) From means to QTL: the Illinois long-term selection experiment as a case study in quantitative genetics. Crop Sci 47(S3):S20–S31.Google Scholar
  13. Dudley JW, Lambert RJ (1969) Genetic variability after 65 generations of selection in Illinois high oil, low oil, high protein, and low protein strains of Zea mays L. Crop Sci 9:179–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dudley JW, Lambert RJ (2004) 100 generations of selection for oil and protein in corn. In: Janick J (ed) Plant Breeding Reviews: Long-term selection: maize, vol. 34, part 1, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, pp. 79–110.Google Scholar
  15. Dudley JW, Lambert RJ, Alexander DE (1974) Seventy generations of selection for oil and protein concentration in the maize kernel. In: Dudley JW (ed) Seventy generations of selection for oil and protein in maize. CSSA, Madison, WI, pp. 181–212.Google Scholar
  16. Duensing WJ, Roskens AB, Alexander RJ (2003) Corn dry milling: processes, products, and applications. In: White PJ, Johnson LA (eds) Corn chemistry and technology, 2nd edn. Am Assn Cereal Chemists Inc, St Paul, MN, pp. 407–447.Google Scholar
  17. Dunlap FG, White PJ, Pollak LM (1995) Fatty acid composition of oil from exotic corn breeding materials. JAOCS 72:989–993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Duvick DN, Cassman KG (1999) Post-green revolution trends in yield potential of temperate maize in the north-central United States. Crop Sci 39:1622–1630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Duvick DN, Smith JSC, Cooper M (2004) Long term selection in a commercial hybrid maize program. Plant Breed Rev 24:109–151.Google Scholar
  20. Earle FR, Curtis JJ (1946) Composition of the component parts of the corn kernel. Cereal Chem 23:504–511.Google Scholar
  21. East EM (1908) Inbreeding in corn, 1907. In: Connecticut Agric Exp Stn Rep, pp. 419–428.Google Scholar
  22. Falconer DS (1981) Introduction to quantitative genetics, 2nd edn., Longman, London.Google Scholar
  23. Fu H, Dooner HK (2002) Intraspecific violation of genetic colinearity and its implications in maize. PNAS 99:9573–9578.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Gethi JG, Labate JA, Lamkey KR, Smith ME, Kresovich S (2002) SSR variation in important US maize inbred lines. Crop Sci 42:951–957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Goodman MM (1985) Exotic maize germplasm: status, prospects, and remedies. Iowa State J Res 59:497–527.Google Scholar
  26. Goodman MM, Holley RN (1988) US maize germplasm: origin, limitations and alternatives. In: Russell N, Listman GM (eds) Recent advances in the conservation and utilization of genetic resources, Proceedings of the global maize germplasm workshop, CIMMYT, Mexico, pp. 130–148.Google Scholar
  27. Graham GI, Wolff DW, Stuber CW (1997) Characterization of a yield quantitative trait locus on chromosome five of maize by fine mapping. Crop Sci 37:1601–1610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hallauer AR, Miranda Fo JB (1988) Maize breeding, 2nd edn., Iowa State Univ Press, Ames, IA.Google Scholar
  29. Hallauer AR, Russell WA, Lamkey KR (1988) Corn breeding. In: Sprague GF, Dudley JW (eds) Corn and corn improvement, 3rd edn., Am Soc of Agron, Madison, WI, pp. 449–494.Google Scholar
  30. Hopkins CG (1899) Improvement in the chemical composition of the corn kernel. Bulletin of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign campus. Agricultural Experiment Station, no. 55, pp. 205–240.Google Scholar
  31. Johnson LA, May JB (2003) Wet milling: the basis for corn biorefineries. In: White PJ, Johnson LA (eds) Corn chemistry and technology, 2nd edn., Am Assn Cereal Chemists Inc, St Paul, MN, pp. 671–693.Google Scholar
  32. Jugenheimer RW (1961) Breeding for oil and protein content in maize. Euphytica 10:152–156.Google Scholar
  33. Keeble F, Pellew C (1910) The mode of inheritance of stature and of time of flowering in peas (Pisum sativum). J Genet 1:47–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lambert RJ (2001) High-oil corn hybrids. In: Hallauer AR (ed) Specialty corn, 2nd edn., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 131–154.Google Scholar
  35. Lambert RJ, Alexander DE, Mejaya IJ (2004) Single kernel selection for increased grain oil in maize synthetics and high-oil hybrid development. In: Janick J (ed) Plant Breeding Reviews: Long-term selection: maize, vol 34, part 1, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, pp. 153–175.Google Scholar
  36. Lee EA, Tollenaar M (2007) Physiological basis of successful breeding strategies for maize grain yield. Crop Sci 47(S3):S202–S215.Google Scholar
  37. Lee EA, Tracy WF (2009) Chapter 7: Modern maize breeding. In: Bennetzen JL, Hake SC (eds) The maize handbook – Volume 2: History and practice of genetics, genomics and improvement. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 141–160.Google Scholar
  38. Leng ER (1962) Selection reversal in strains of corn previously long-term selected for chemical composition. Crop Sci 2:167–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lu H, Bernardo R (2001) Molecular marker diversity among current and historical maize inbreds. Theor Appl Genet 103:613–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mikel MA, Dudley JW (2006) Evolution of North American dent corn from public to proprietary germplasm. Crop Sci 46:1193–1205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Miller DF (1958) Composition of cereal grains and forages. Committee on feed composition. Agric Board Publ 585, Nat Acad Sci Nat Res Council, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  42. Orthoefer F, Eastman J, List G (2003) Corn Oil: composition, processing, and utilization. In: White PJ, Johnson LA (eds) Corn chemistry and technology, 2nd edn., Am Assn Cereal Chemists Inc, St Paul, MN, pp. 671–693.Google Scholar
  43. Shull GH (1908) The composition of a field of maize. Amer Breeders’ Assoc Rep 4:296–301.Google Scholar
  44. Shull GH (1909) A pureline method of corn breeding. Amer Breeders’ Assoc Rep 5:51–59.Google Scholar
  45. Smith JSC, Smith OS (1989) The description and assessment of distances between inbred lines of maize. II. The utility of morphological, biochemical, and genetic descriptors and a scheme for the testing of distinctiveness between inbred lines. Maydica 34:141–150.Google Scholar
  46. Smith OS, Smith JSC, Bowen SL, Tenborg RA, Wall SJ (1990) Similarities among a group of elite maize inbreds as measured by pedigree, F1 grain yield, grain yield, heterosis, and RFLPs. Theor Appl Genet 80:833–840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Song R, Messing J (2003) Gene expression of a gene family in maize based on noncollinear haplotypes. PNAS 100:9055–9066.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Thomison PR, Geyer AB, Lotz LD, Siegrist HJ, Dobbels TL (2002) Agron J 94:290–299.Google Scholar
  49. Tollenaar M, Lee EA (2002) Yield, potential yield, yield stability and stress tolerance in maize. Field Crops Res 75:161–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tracy WF, Chandler MA (2006) The historical and biological basis of the concept of heterotic patterns in corn belt dent maize. In: Lamkey KR, Lee M (eds) Plant breeding: The Arnel R Hallauer international symposium. Blackwell Publishing, Ames, IA, pp. 219–233.Google Scholar
  51. Troyer AF (1999) Background of U.S. hybrid corn. Crop Sci 39:601–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Watson SA (2003) Description, development, structure, and composition of the corn kernel. In: White PJ, Johnson LA (eds) Corn: chemistry and Technology, 2nd edn., American Association of Cereal Chemists, St. Paul, MN, pp. 69–106.Google Scholar
  53. White PJ, Weber EJ (2003) Lipids of the kernel. In: Corn: chemistry and technology, Ed.2, pp. 355–405.Google Scholar
  54. Winter FL (1929) The mean and variability as affected by continuous selection for composition in corn. J Agric Res 39:451–476.Google Scholar
  55. Wright AD (1995) A gene conditioning high oleic maize oil, OLC1. Maydica 40:85–88.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant AgricultureUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

Personalised recommendations